My research focuses on the ways medieval men and women’s involvement in religious movements invoke gendered patterns of behavior and metaphor to express radical thought. I am particularly interested in the early 14th community of Pseudo-Apostolic believers in the Bolognese contado, and the wider Franciscan and mendicant currents which inspired them.

As a trans scholar, I am also interested in premodern expressions of gender variance that help us expand our understanding of historical gender systems and of what it means to be trans.