• Modern France
    I teach courses on France in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and have research interests in French economic history, policy, diplomacy and cultural history.
  • Modern Europe
    Twentieth century politics, policy, diplomacy, economics and cultural history.
  • Economic controls and black markets in Europe during and after World War II.
    Main focus on French experience under German Occupation and in the early years of the Fourth Republic.
  • Marché Noir: The Economy of Survival in Second World War France (Cambridge University Press, 2023)
  • “‘Economic Tyranny’ and Public Anger in France, 1945-1947”  Contemporary European History (2022). [https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/contemporary-european-history/article/economic-tyranny-and-public-anger-in-france-19451947/4FB7CC320290C4168F1A0546ABEBF3C9#article]
  • “Spearhead Currency: Monetary Sovereignty and the Liberation of France” International History Review 42, no. 2 (2020): 278-297.
  • “Capitalism’s Black Heart in Wartime France” in Capitalism’s Hidden Worlds ed. by Kenneth Lipartito and Lisa Jacobson (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2020), 139-156.
  • La capitale de la faim: Black Market Restaurants in Paris 1940-1944″
    French Historical Studies 38, no. 2 (2015): 311-341.
  • “Black Market Fictions: Au bon beurre, La traversée de Paris and the Black Market in France,”
    French Politics, Culture and Society vol. 32, no. 1 (2014): 47-67.
  • “Marcel Aymé and the Moral Economy of Penury in Occupied France”
    French Historical Studies 34, no. 4 (2011): 713-743.
  • “Food Rationing and the Black Market in France, 1940-1944”
    French History 24, no. 2 (2010): 262-282.
  • “The faux policier in Occupied Paris”
    Journal of Contemporary History vol. 45, no. 1 (2010): 95-112. Winner of the Walter Laqueur Prize 2010.
  • “Traitors, trafiquants, and the confiscation of ‘illicit profits’ in France, 1944-1950″
    co-authored with Fabrice Grenard, Historical Journal 51, no. 4 (2008): 969-990.
  • On vit mal: Food Shortages and Popular Culture in Occupied France, 1940-1944”
    co-authored with Paula Schwartz, Food, Politics and Culture 10, no. 2 (2007): 261-295.
  • The Gold Standard Illusion: France, the Bank of France and the International Gold Standard, 1914-1939
    Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.
  • Crisis and Renewal in France, 1918-1962
    Co-edited with Martin S. Alexander New York: Berghahn Books, 2002.
  • Managing the Franc Poincaré: Economic Understanding and Political Constraint in French Monetary Policy 1928-1936
    New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991; pbk ed. 2002.
  • Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada Insight Grant 2013-2017
  • German Marshall Fund of the United States Research Fellowship 2006-07
  • German Marshall Fund of the United States Research Fellowship 1998-99
  • National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowship for University Teachers 1997-98
  • Member, School of Historical Studies, The Institute for Advanced Study 1991-93