UCSB Hist 133C, L9:
East Germany: 1953 (& After)
by Prof. Marcuse, Jan. 26, 2004
(superceded by much improved
Feb. 2006 lecture
notes on 1953)
- Admin: proposals & Q3 back at 9:40
Q4 on Wednesday: Nettlinger
- Recap: causality
- Allied goals in Germany after WW2 (Ds&Rs) [presented today, but in L8
- The 1953 Uprising
Berlin Blockade: Turnaround II
- June 1948-May 1949 (860 flights/day=36/hour!)
- Economic, Int'l, Elites, Information, peOple; Culture
- Berlin (Fulbrook p. 158; website):
- bastion of Nazism & Prussian militarism to
- symbolic last outpost of freedom & (Western) democracy
Steps to the 1953 "Uprising"
- Apr. 1946: KPD and SPD "merge" -> SED
- 1948->: "Stalinization" of SED (no more discussion & dissent)
- July 1952 (2nd SED conf): "building of socialism"
- forced collectivization
- March 1953: Stalin dies
- expectation of relaxation
The 1953 "Uprising"
- Jockeying for power in Moscow:
Beria ("New Course") ousted by Malenkow & Khruschev
(Beria might have ousted Ulbricht)
- June: E. German "work norms" raised
debate in major newspapers
- 17 June: people hit the streets in Berlin etc.
Soviet tanks come out
- After 1953: Why did Ulbricht remain?
Causes of June 17, 1953?
- Economic factors
- International factors (diplomacy, intervention)
- Elites (behavior of groups w/ special access to power)
- Ideology/Information/Media: perception of the world
- "Opposition": people, human agents
- "background" of culture and institutions
Return essay proposals & Q3
- Q3 results:
- Book essay comments:
- If less than 10, you can resubmit this Friday for full credit
- Not all reviews are online!
- office hours (Mon 10:30-11:30, Tue noon-1)
or e-mail me title & questions/problems (use meaningful subject line)
page by H. Marcuse, prepared for web 1/26/04
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