Nuremberg Trials: Judgment

            This segment was written by Allison Harrer and edited by Karen Phinney.  It is an overview of the actual Nuremberg trials, including a brief summary of each of the twenty-one Nazi officials tried. Sources used include

www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/nuremburg/nuremburg.htm, www.facts.com/icof/nazi.htm, and G.M. Gilbert’s  Nuremburg Diary.

            Shortly after WWII ended in May 1945, Allied governments jointly agreed that those responsible for wartime atrocities must be held accountable and punished for their crimes. The International Military Tribunal (IMT) was organized in the German city of Nuremberg in order to do just that. The United States, Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union each appointed judges and supplied prosecutors to the Tribunal for the trials of high-level Nazi officials seized after the war. Prior to the Nuremberg trials, war crimes were limited to the military courts of the individual countries; “for the first time, the concepts of collective guilt were used to justify punishment,” (Facts On File News Services, 1997).  Some 5,000 Nazi’s were charged with war crimes.  However, the Nuremberg trials were designed specifically to prosecute high-ranking Nazi officials with whom authority over heinous atrocities rested. The four counts of the indictment were: 1- Conspiracy to commit crimes alleged in other counts; 2- Crimes against peace; 3- War crimes; 4- Crimes against humanity. The Nuremburg trials were one of the first organized attempts to apply principles of international law, and established new precedents for the international community.

Verdict: Guilty on all four counts

Sentence: Death by hanging.

Verdict: Guilty on counts 1 & 2.

Sentence: Life Imprisonment.

Verdict: Guilty on all four counts.

Sentence: Death by hanging.

Verdict: Guilty on all four counts.

Sentence: Death by hanging.

Verdict: Guilty on counts 3 & 4.            

Sentence: Death by hanging.

Verdict: Guilty on all four counts.

Sentence: Death by hanging.

Verdict: Guilty on counts 3 & 4.

Sentence: Death by hanging.

Verdict: Guilty on counts 2, 3, & 4.

Sentence: Death by hanging.

Verdict: Guilty on count 4.

Sentence: Death by hanging.

Verdict: Guilty on counts 2, 3, & 4.

Sentence: Life Imprisonment. He was released in 1957 because of poor health, and                   died in 1959.

Verdict: Not Guilty.

Verdict: Guilty on counts 2 & 3.

Sentence: 10 years imprisonment.

Verdict: Guilty on counts 1, 2, & 3.

Sentence: Life imprisonment. He served nine years before his release in 1955, and         died in 1960.

Verdict: Guilty on count 4.

Sentence: 20 years imprisonment.

Verdict: Guilty on counts 3 & 4.

Sentence: Death by hanging.

Verdict: Guilty on all four counts.

Sentence: Death by Hanging.

Verdict: Not Guilty.

Verdict: Guilty on counts 2, 3, & 4.

Sentence: Death by hanging.

Verdict: Guilty on counts 3 & 4.

Sentence: 20 years imprisonment.

Verdict: Guilty on all four counts.

Sentence: 15 years imprisonment. He was released in 1954 because of poor health       and died two years after.

Verdict: Not Guilty.


course page;
projects page
Nuremberg Trials main page
Trial: Introduction
What were the crimes?
Trial Judgement
Goering at the Trials
Authors;
sources