L 8: Auschwitz, 1913-1942
by Prof. H. Marcuse, UCSB, Oct. 16, 2003
How/why did Auschwitz become the most infamous death factory in human history?
(Can applying the EIEIO model help?)
- Admin: comments; Tue: Q2 on Höss and Fest
- Reactions and discussion (10 mins. each)
- Euthanasia & films in Selling Murder
- Auschwitz builders in Nazi Designers
- biographical story Maus
- Auschwitz: features and history
- Triumph of the Will: not soldiers, but workers!
entries on course materials: harder to get 4 points
- Proposals: too much denial!
- plural vs. possessive
- PLURAL: one Nazi, two Nazis
POSSES.: that Nazi's gun, those Nazis' guns
- RULE: apostrophe ONLY for possessive
EXCEPT: his, hers, its (it's=it is, it has)
Reactions and Questions
- Selling Murder
films: animals, lecture, crazies, courtroom
- middle 2 films destroyed
crazies=script plus raw footage (post-1990 find)
script: "… patient liberated by death …"
- "Lebensunwertes Leben"
'Life unworthy of life'
- Did "T4" euthanasia program end?
Why or why not? (how do we decide?)
(Bishop Franz v. Galen in lecture on resistance)
- Why did doctors murder?
- What were their (pushing) motivations?
- What were their (pulling) goals?
- What conditions enabled them to do it?
Discussion: Nazi Designers
- Your questions, reactions, comments?
- Why did engineers build death factories?
- Conditions? (situation)
- Motivations? (force, "push")
- Goals? (desires, "pull")
- Your questions and comments
- What is it about? (main/multiple themes)
- Why did Art Spiegelman write it?
Oral history: Maus vol. II, p. 68
Auschwitz: define & distinguish
- Auschwitz vs. Dachau; Ausch. I, II, III
Auschwitz location: border between Austria/Czechoslovakia,
Poland and Germany
- founded 1270 by Germans
- 1772 Austrian
- 1890s: migrant labor for industrializing west
- 1914: 27 brick barracks for 3000, 90 wood barracks for 9000
- 1919 (Versailles treaty): became Polish, used for refugees
- 1939, Sept.: conquered by Germany
- 1940, May 1: Höss and 30 pris. from Sachs.
- 1940, June 14: 728 Poles
design: crematory with 2 "muffles" (70 corpses in 24 hours)
- 1941, March: Himmler's visit
plans for camp at Birkenau
"ethnic cleansing" of region
- 1941, June 22: Operation Barbarossa (POWs)
- labor to prepare infrastructure
- 500->744 per barrack (=portable horse stables)
- 1941, Sept.: test gassing with Prussic acid
6 muffles for 400 corpses/day
prepared for web by H. Marcuse, Oct. 18, 2003, images added 10/21
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