Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Holocaust
(UCSB Hist 33D), by
Professor Harold Marcuse
mail to: firstname.lastname@example.org
page created Sept. 25, 2002; last update: July 27, 2003
NOTE: this is the Fall 2002 website, with a few updates.
New website coming Sept. 2003
- June 16, 2003: 52 students are enrolled, and the course has been
closed to new enrollment. The course needs to shrink to 40 because of funding.
E-mail Prof. Marcuse (me) if you want to be placed on a waiting list.
- May 31, 2003: I've selected 3 of the 4 books for Fall 2003.
The textbook is new this year, namely: Enzo Collotti, Hitler and Nazism
(Interlink Illustrated History). Art Spiegelman's Maus (both volumes)
and Gerald Markle's Meditations of a Holocaust Traveler will remain
the same as last year. I have yet to select a memoir (check back in late August).
- May 8, 2003: For students registering for
this course for Fall 2003: German 10A will
explore authentic German text and film material related to the topics discussed
in Hist 33D. It is open to all students; no prior knowledge of German
is required. If you want to get the most out of Hist 33D: I highly recommend
concurrent enrollment in German 10A. Students who took the equivalent German
course last year had among the highest grades in the class. (Meets M,W, 2-3:15.)
One student did a number of interviews for my Holocaust Oral History Project
with Jeremy Garsha's work).
Course Description and Goals
This lecture course is designed for undergraduates of all disciplines (natural
and social sciences, fine arts, humanities) with no prior college-level coursework
in history. It has two goals: to introduce students to the history of one
of the most significant events of the 20th century, and to explore
some of the different ways scholars, writers and artists attempt to explain
and interpret it.
The course begins with an investigation of the "historical facts,"
but quickly moves to questions of causation (why did those events happen?).
We will examine attempts to answer this question by scholars in various disciplines,
comparing, assessing, and combining different perspectives, in order to come
up with an understanding of our own.
Headings on this web page (back to top)
Course materials and lecture outlines
(back to top)
note: to view ppt versions, you will need Microsoft PowerPoint. Up to L5 the
html versions use frames. Some download slowly.
- Journal assignment (text
of professor's sample journal)
- L1: syllabus, journal
assignment handout, Maus reading questions
- L2: What was the Holocaust? -- Auschwitz (6 ppt slides;
html version [caution, some download s l o w l
- L3: Dr. Dirk Moses, University of Sydney (dept.
page), "The Australian Genocide"
lecture overlays; select
Article on the origins of genocide in colonization (in Journal of Genocide
Article on indigenous genocide and the Holocaust
(30 pages, in: Patterns of Prejudice, 2002)
Artikel auf Deutsch über die "Rolle
der 45er-Generation im Prozess der Liberalisierung der Bundesrepublik",
FR 2 July 2002
- L4: Origins of the Holocaust I: History (9 ppt slides;
- L5: Q1; Kristallnacht and the Turn to Genocide (19
ppt slides [I only showed first 14]; html version)
- L6: Origins II: Individuals (psychology) (html outline)
- L7: Origins III: Groups (sociology) (html outline)
- L8: film "America and the Holocaust" (prof. had jury duty) (html
- L9: EIEIO theory (html outline with graphic)
Science and Religion (html outline)
- L11: Resistance (html outline; with some pictures)(midterm
evaluation form [pdf])
- L12: Ethics (html outline)
- L13: The End of the Holocaust (html
outline, with "see-saw model")
- L14: Dachau 1890-1933-1945, A Case Study (html outline)
- L15: Dachau 1945-1968: Vergangenheitsbewaeltigung (html
outline with lots of illustrations)
- L16: Dachau 1970-present; Literature/fiction and the Holocaust (html,
with lots of links on Wilkomirski)
- L17: Discussion with Ruth Kluger (professor's
- L18: Holocaust Denial (html outline, large font,
- L19: Anne Frank (html outline, large font, no
- L20: Concluding Lecture (html outline)
- Final exam (html best for viewing on screen;
pdf best for printing)
discussion list is for posting questions or observations, so that you
can receive responses from me (Prof. Marcuse) and/or your classmates. I am
recycling a list from a previous course, since it was rarely used by students--so
ignore the first 6 postings. I hope that you will use it more than they did!
- To post a message, go to the new
post screen and type in your message. At present, you can remain anonymous
if you want.
- Please use a meaningful short subject header, since it will identify your
posting in the archive.
Links to interesting web sites (back
- New film "Shanghai Ghetto": www.shanghaighetto.com;
making the film
with quicktime (suggestion from Albert Leung)
- Anne Frank is the subject of many sites (see Women
and the Holocaust):
alphabetical list of Holocaust links (Prof. Al Filreis, English, UPenn)
- Holocaust Links page
(Joyce Meyer, Champaigne-Urbana Jewish Federation)
- Racist and Holocaust denial websites:
- Holocaust Denial
on Trial: David Irving vs. Penguin Books/Deborah Lipstadt trial (1999-2000)
- Internet Resources on Genocide
and Mass Killings from the University of the West of England.
of the Third Reich, War
Crimes and Criminals,
Genocide and Mass Killing,
The Jewish Holocaust,
World War II Resources.
Sourcebook: "Responses to the Holocaust," by Robert Leventhal, Univ. of
Some on-line Holocaust/Germany courses [updated:
9/30/02] (back to top)
Explore some of these on-line courses to see some of the different emphases set
by instructors of Holocaust/Nazi Germany courses.
on Genocide," by Carol and Sam Edelman, sociology/communication studies
at CSU Chico
Jews, and the Holocaust" by Robert
Moeller, history dept. at UC Irvine
Holocaust" by Dan
Rogers, history, Univ. of South Alabama
(in literature), PDF syllabus by Zsuzsanna Ozsvath, U Texas/Dallas (Fall
History, Meaning, Aftermath" by Bjorn Krondorfer, religious studies, St.
Mary's, Maryland (Spring 1999)
on the Holocaust and Genocide," by Myrna Goodman et al, Sonoma State
(Spring 2001)(with some lecture
texts and good
- CSU Chico, genocide
course by C. and S. Edelman
Mass Violence, and Human Rights: A Path to Internationalizing the Psychology
Curriculum and Promoting Social Responsibility"by Linda Woolf, Psychology,
Webster University (St. Louis, MO): two in-depth syllabi with links
Germany," by Gerhard Rempel, history, Western New England College: very
well-designed site with lecture
of Genocide and the Holocaust" by Ben
Austin, Middle Tennessee State Univ. In contrast to that simple syllabus,
his Holocaust page
has a very detailed set of links.
Holocaust (pdf syllabus) by Jere Jackson, S.F.A. State University, Nacogdoches,
Texas (uses my Dachau book as a textbook)
- Hamburg Center for Holocaust Education
(Mattias Heyl; resources, not a course; English version is down)
Materials from Prof. Marcuse's other Holocaust
courses (back to top)
- Hist 133D: "The Holocaust in German History" (an upper-division
- Hist 133Q: "Readings in Holocaust History" (a seminar course
for 15 students)
Picking up your work (back to top)
I keep all student work for at least one quarter after the course is over.
If you would like to pick up your work, please come to my office. During my
office hours is usually best for me, but if you would like your work left
in the envelope outside my door, or to arrange a different pick-up time, send
me an e-mail or leave a note.
If you are dissatisfied with your grade:
- First, please note that I grade YOUR WORK, not you.
- If you feel that the grade you received on your paper or exam does not
correspond to the quality of work that you submitted, you have two options:
- Print out, complete, and submit the following Grade
Change Application Form,
- Write a page (or paragraph, whatever it takes) explaining WHY you think
your work is better than the grade assigned to it. Please refer to the
blue assignment sheet (for papers), and make sure you did the assignment.
- Then resubmit the work in question with your explanation, and I
will regrade it and get back to you.
- Be sure to put some contact address on your explanation sheet, so
that I can be in touch with you.
- Note that I reserve the right to lower your grade, if I feel that
is warranted by closer examination
- This class has a discussion
forum. Post--anonymously--questions about lectures or assignments
- Sept. 25: CLASSROOM CHANGE: not Bren 1414, but HSSB 1174
(sorry for inconvenience, but media equipment is not yet installed in
- Sept. 26: Error on syllabus and first handouts: Wed. evening
room is CHEM 1171, not Chem 1179
- Sept. 27/Oct. 1/Oct.8: German 198, a 2-unit course, will be
offered parallel to this course. It studies German language sources that augment
what I will cover in lecture. No prior knowledge of German is required, just
a desire to learn!
That class meets 1-2:30pm Wednesdays in Phelps 6xxx. To contact Dr. Becher:
This is a great opportunity and I highly recommend it!
- Sept. 30: "Jacob the Liar" DVD is on reserve in the Kerr
Hall upstairs lab. You have to watch it there.
You can also rent the Robin Williams version to watch yourself. For the purposes
of this course, the two versions are equivalent.
- Oct 8: All remaining journals with 2-3 entries are due
Tuesday 10/15 (or Wed., in case of strike).
- Oct 11: UCSB will be on strike next M+T+W (until 4pm), and
I will not cross picket lines.
I'll hold the lecture planned for Tue 10/15 during our Wednesday 5pm time
IF the strike is called off, WE WILL HAVE CLASS on Tuesday.
Be sure to read Markle chap. 2, esp. pp. 42-45!
- Field Trip Sunday Oct. 20: meet at 8am at UCSB bus loop to go to
10:40-1:40 tour at LA Museum of Tolerance.
Those driving in private cars should be there by 10:15/10:20.
We will then drive to the LA
Museum of the Holocaust for 2:15-3:45 tour and discussion with a survivor.
Return to UCSB, arrive 5:30-6pm.
Bring: LUNCH (something to eat on the bus--no meal times calculated in!),
and a photo ID for museum entrance.
Drivers of private cars will be reimbursed for gas; you will need a receipt.
to Museum of Tolerance; to Museum of the
Mapquest printable: UCSB
to MOT; MOT
to MOH (link fixed 10/11), MOH
- Oct 17: On Wednesday, 10/23, at our regular 5pm meeting
time in Chem 1171, I will show the video "Nazi Designers of Death"
(55 mins.). This is not required, but by popular demand. (I showed 10 mins.
in lecture 7, on Thu. 10/17.)
- Oct 17: My Wednesday office hours are changing, now 11am-noon
(instead of 1-2pm).
- Oct 20: If you missed the field trip, you will need to familiarize
yourself with the Museum of Tolerance and one other Holocaust museum on-line
in order to answer Q2 on Tuesday. Here are some suggested links:
- Oct. 25: If you have a gas receipt for the field trip, please let
me know. Before I give you your checks, I will need to get your car license
- Oct. 25: video page added, describing
the tapes available in Kerr Hall
- Oct. 31: New policy on cell phones ringing in class. This
doesn't happen every class, but it has happened several times, and I just
heard of a great way of dealing with it, so: If your phone rings during lecture,
the professor stops lecture, gets to answer your phone and take a message
- Oct. 31: video Escape from Sobibor available in Kerr
- Nov. 5: course reader will be available at GrafikArt in Isla Vista
on Wed., Nov. 6, in the afternoon
6: On Nov. 7, at 7:30pm, the multiple emmy-award winning film "Conspiracy"
(90 mins., 2001) will be shown at UCSB Hillel (Embarcadero del Mar), followed
by a discussion with director Frank Pierson.
This is a "recreation" of the infamous Jan. 20, 1942 Wannsee Conference,
about which we've already seen the 1984 German recreation (and the table scene
in the middle of the Holocaust section of the Museum of Tolerance).
For lots of information and reviews, see this
I HIGHLY, HIGHLY, HIGHLY [I
take that back] recommend this film!!
[note after film: I was rather
disappointed, although the comparison to the German version is interesting]
- Nov. 9: Reader available at GrafikArt on Pardall Road in IV (ca.
$12, including tax).
first essay on Dachau memorials for Tue. Nov. 12!
- Nov. 9: Final exam options: take home final Dec. 6,
due Dec. 9; 10-min. oral final in groups of 3 with prof., written in-class
final at scheduled time. Sign-up sheets will go around starting 11/14.
- Nov. 20: Tonight at 5pm, CAMPBELL HALL:
reading by Ruth Kluger.
She will also come to our classroom on Thursday to discuss her book and issues
of Holocaust literature.
- Nov. 20: no class on Tuesday, 11/26, BUT: journals with 8 or 9
entries, and a take-home Q4 (to be published on this
site on Thursday, 11/21) are due in my office (HSSB 4221) at class time or
before (in my envelope, or in Joe Banasch's TA mailbox).
- Nov. 20: getting a "+" on journal entries. For this your
already excellent entry must develop an argument or interpretation, including
opposing points of view, which are refuted using evidence and argument. The
entry should NOT be longer than usual. In fact, as length increases beyond
one page, your grade is apt to go down.
- Nov. 22: professor's notes about discussion
with Ruth Kluger are available on-line.
- Nov. 20/22: scheduling for oral exams will begin Dec. 3. I
will pass around a sign-up sheet with specific time slots on 12/3. The earliest
exam times will be after the last day of classes. I will let you know
what questions to expect.
- Nov. 20: course grading: journal vs. exam. There is a slight
inconsistancy between the journal handout and the syllabus, where I say that
you can get 24 points total for the journal entries. Actually the maximum
is 4x10=40 points.
Also, since I haven't devised an option of final projects, and because of
the choice of final exam formats, I am going to make the journal worth 40%,
and the final exam worth 30% (thus reversing their relative weighting).
- Nov. 22: Here is Q4:
In her memoir, in her public reading, and in our class Thursday Ruth Klüger
mentioned several contradictions between her own opinions and feelings, and
other people's behavior and feelings about the Holocaust and related issues.
Name any two of those contradictions. For each, you need to give her view,
AND the opposing viewpoint.
Q4 can either be e-mailed to the professor (email@example.com),
in the body of the e-mail only (NOT as an attachment), with your full
name at the top of the BODY of the message, or submitted as hard
copy in his office (in hand or under the door only), by noon on Tuesday,
(Note: If you want to print Q4, you can print this page,
or highlight it and "print selection", or print just p. 1 of this
web page.) Hard copy submissions do not have to be typed (they can be, though!).
- Sorry that I forgot to take care of this last night!
- Nov. 30: The Holocaust
survivor who is supposed to speak to our class will need a ride to Santa
Barbara from the Pomona area. If anyone is driving up here on Monday,
Tuesday, or Wednesday (12/2-12/4), please let me know as soon as possible.
Call me at 968-6703, or e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org. Thanks! Prof.
- Dec. 4: Final exam. 60 people signed up during the first round
of exam scheduling. The list will go around in Thursday's lecture (12/5),
so that you can make adjustments. I'll also answer questions about the exam.
- Dec. 4: All journal entries are due 12/5. Students with last names
beginning L through P should submit ALL 10 ENTRIES.
- Dec. 6: Final exam (html best for
viewing on screen; pdf best for printing. 12/11:
NOTE CORRECTION: submit to HSSB 4001, not 4020)
- Dec. 6: L20 available below.
- Dec. 7: If anyone has questions about the written final, please e-mail
By 10:0am on Monday, 12/9, I will post any responses; none thereafter.
In particular, let me know if you have problems with answering the essay question
within the word limit. If several people have trouble, I might modify that.
- Dec. 7: a few hard copies of the final are in the envelope
outside my door.
8: Oral exams will take place in my office, HSSB 4221.
This is what I wrote to a student who asked what to study besides thinking
about the answers to the main questions posed in each lecture: "Perhaps
looking at the written final (on the web site) would give you some more ideas
about what to study. I will be looking to see how knowledgeably you can talk
about some of the issues we discussed in the course. For "A" grades you will
have to be able to discuss both the pros and cons of some explanation or opinion."
If you have a particular issue you would like to talk about, that's fine--I'll
ask you in the exam.
If you are taking the exam with others, it is GREAT to disagree--being able
to discuss pros and cons with each other is an easy way to get an A level
- Dec. 8: written exams may be submitted earlier than Friday. If so,
and if I am not in my office, you can leave them it the history dept. office
any time during open hours (9-noon, 1-4), as instructed on the exam sheet.
If you leave them at my office DO NOT put them in the envelope, DO slide them
under my office door!
- Dec. 11: Your written final exams should be submitted in the history
department office, 4001 HSSB (not 4020, as I mistakenly wrote on the exam).
Open 9-noon, 1-4pm.
- C. Alvarez' written final exam was incomplete. Please contact me.
- Dec. 18: If you would like to pick up your work, come by during
office hours or send me an e-mail to set up a time.
- Grade problems. If your point total does not yield your grade, there
may be an error in math or recording (coordinating between TA and professor
is never perfect). Let me know if you suspect a problem.
If you feel your grade does not reflect your work, see my policy, below.
For a reevaluation, you must resubmit ALL of your work for the course, with
the letter explaining why you feel the grade you received does not reflect
the quality of your work. I reserve the right to lower grades upon reevaluation,
so only take this route if you seriously feel your work deserves a higher
- Grade distribution (point range without 10% participation: 82=A to 57=C-):
- Jan. 2, 2003: For a recent film release that provides an illustration
of one aspect of the "Australian genocide" Prof. Moses discussed
in his lecture (namely the "stolen generation"), I highly recommend
the film Rabbit Proof Fence. It illustrates the story of a young
teenage "half-caste" girl and her cousins who were taken from their
native mother to an orphanage to be raised by whites. The
girls escape and attempt the 1200 mile journey back to their parents. The
protagonist was later taken, with her own two daughters, back to the same
camp, and she once again escaped and walked back. Her elder daughter (who
wrote the book), also lost a daughter to this government policy, in effect
until 1970. The white male lead actor, by the way, also played Heydrich in
the HBO Wannsee Conference film. Now playing at the Riviera in Santa Barbara
mins.). [Apr. 15: out on video; $15-23
Based on a true story, written by the protagonist's daughter Doris Pilkington
page book on amazon).
Informative web link: European Network for Indiginous Australian Rights'
page about Doris Pilkington
(by Nugi Garimara), page
Other web sites: reeltalk
review w/ interview,
Guardian, short bbc review
w/ interview, www.rabbitprooffence.com.au.
History Home Page || Fields
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author: H. Marcuse
visitors since Sept. 25, 2002
(Sept. 26=start of classes)
roughly 500 hits/month
during the quarter
(85 students; 30 days=
17 hits/day, or
each student checked once
every 5 days)
42 on Oct. 8.
80 on 10/10
318 on 10/17
359 on 10/20
439 on 10/25
460-474 on 10/29
500 on 10/31
593 at end of 11/5
606 on 11/6, 9pm
636 on 11/9, 10pm
675 on 11/13, 10am
705 on 11/15, 8pm
756 on 11/20, 9am
811 on 11/22, 10am
1032 on 11/30, 3pm
1151 on 12/4, 11pm
1199 on 12/6, 10am
1221 on 12/6, 4:30pm
1242 on 12/7, 11:30am
1314 on 12/8, 11:30pm
1430 on 12/11, 6:30pm
Dec. 13 was final due date
1500 on 12/16
grades due in on 12/17
1521 on 12/18/02
1534 on 12/24/02
1541 on Jan. 2, 2003
1667 on Mar. 24, 2003
1714 on May 8, 2003
1742 on May 31, 2003
1756 on June 11, 2003
1766 on June 16
1792 on July 27
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