Prof. Marcuse, UCSB
Hist 33D, L 6: Origins II: Individuals (psychology)
Group 2: Turn in journals (2 piles: A-P; R-Y)
- Kristallnacht: history as cause
- Announcements (Field Trip, office hours)
Last Time: Kristallnacht
What role did "history" play as a cause of the Kristallnacht
- Long-term: German antisemitism; developments since 1933
- Middle-term: diplomatic events during 1938
- Short-term:pre-laid arrest plan PLUS assassination of
- Punch line: "History" is a necessary background, but human
agency is still key
Question of the Day
- What makes people (want to) murder other people?
- 2 types of reasons: force, desire
Psychology: 3 cases
Definition: science of the mind / human nature
- Rudolf Höss, commandant of Auschwitz
- Police Reserve Battalion 101
- Stanley Milgram's experiment
Rudolf Höss (1900-1947)
- Volunteered (underage) in World War I
- Free Corps after war, then Nazis
- Training in Dachau since 1933
rose through the ranks to become commandant
- Quotations textbook p. 191
- What was his moral horizon?
- His mentality?
- Concept of "preemptive obedience"
- Adolf Eichmann, Reinhard Heydrich
Reserve Battalion 101
- Christopher Browning: "Ordinary Men"
- Daniel Goldhagen: "Hitler's Willing Executioners"
(textbook chapter 8)
- Dehumanization of victims
- Cold cult of professionalism (emotional detachment)
- "Moral blindness of leadership"
opportunism/careerism: a question of values
- Obedience to higher authority (deference)
- Lack of knowledge (ignorance)
- Fear of punishment
- Desire to conform (peer pressure)
- Division of Labor (out of sight, out of mind)