UC Santa Barbara > History Department > Prof. Marcuse > Courses > Hist 201e > Collective Memory Seminar Homepage
The Persistance of Memory, by Dali 1931 Salvator Dali, "The Persistance of Memory," 1931
see: Wikipedia page & MOMA interpretation

History in the Public Sphere: Analyzing "Collective Memory"
(UCSB Hist 201E)

by Professor Harold Marcuse (homepage)
contact: marcuse@history.ucsb.edu

page begun Dec. 23, 2006; last update: 12/7/13


Announcements
(at top)

Old Announcements
( at bottom)
Course description
& requirements
Weekly Topics

for more detail
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Links
Definition Page
My other courses
Hist 2C, 33D, Hitler;
Hist 133
A, B, C, P, Q;
200E-Germany: 2002;
233AB Seminar
: 2003
1
Intro
2
Indiv/Coll. Mem.
3
Cognition
4
Sites: Theory
5
Sites: Ex.
6
National
7
Vectors
8
Generations
9
Teaching
10
Auto/Bio.
* core readings are designated by a *
^ chosen supplementary readings are marked by a ^

Announcements (old announcements move to bottom)(visitor stats)

  • Nov. 13 , 2013: more publications
    • (national) Michael Wert, Meiji Restoration Losers: Memory and Tokugawa Supporters in Modern Japan (Harvard UP, 2013): Using a wide range of sources, from essays by former Tokugawa supporters like Fukuzawa Yukichi to postwar film and "lost decade" manga, Michael Wert traces the shifting portrayals of Restoration losers. By highlighting the overlooked sites of memory such as legends about buried gold, the awarding of posthumous court rank, or fighting over a disembodied head, Wert illustrates how the process of commemoration and rehabilitation allows individuals a voice in the formation of national history. He argues that the commingling of local memory activists with nationally known politicians, academics, writers, and treasure hunters formed interconnecting memory landscapes that promoted local figures as potential heroes in modern Japan.
    • (sites) Polly Low, Graham Oliver, and P.J. Rhodes (eds.), Cultures of Commemoration War Memorials, Ancient and Modern (Oxford UP, 2013)(OUP page): This volume presents studies of military commemorative practices in Western culture, from 5th-century BC Greece, through two World Wars, to the Vietnam Veterans Memorial. This new comparative approach reveals that the distant past has had a lasting influence on commemorative practice in modern times.
  • June 30, 2013: some recent publications of relevance
    • (sites) Manfred Hettling and Jörg Echternkamp (eds.), Gefallenengedenken im globalen Vergleich. Nationale Tradition, politische Legitimation und Individualisierung der Erinnerung (Munich: Oldenbourg, 2013). (June 2013 Sehepunkte review by Ina Markova)
    • Polly Low, Graham Oliver and P. J. Rhodes (eds.), Cultures of Commemoration
  • Jan. 3, 2013: relatively new journal (since 2008): Journal of Educational Media, Memory, and Society, published by Berghahn books on behalf of the Georg Eckert Institute for International Textbook Research in Germany.
    • Blurb: "JEMMS explores perceptions of society as constituted and conveyed in processes of learning and educational media. The focus is on various types of texts (such as textbooks, museums, memorials, films) and their institutional, political, social, economic, and cultural contexts. The construction of collective memory and conceptions of space, the production of meaning, image formation, forms of representation, and perceptions of the "self" and the "other", as well as processes of identity construction (ethnic, national, regional, religious, institutional, gender) are of particular interest. Special importance is given to the significance of educational media for social cohesion and conflict. The journal is international and interdisciplinary and welcomes empirically-based contributions from the humanities and the social sciences as well as theoretical and methodological studies."
    • 4:2(Summer 2012) special issue: "Museums and the Educational Turn: History, Memory, Inclusivity"
  • Oct 4, 2012: Some new essays & websites that I've been reading:
    • Gavriel Rosenfeld, “A Looming Crash or a Soft Landing? Forecasting the Future of the Memory ‘Industry’.” The Journal of Modern History 81:1 (March 1, 2009): 122–158. pdf
    • Eley, Geoff. “The Past Under Erasure? History, Memory, and the Contemporary.” Journal of Contemporary History 46:3 (July 1, 2011): 555–573. pdf
    • Aleida Assmann, Jan. 2011 interview "Was bedeutet eigentlich Erinnerung?" (published on the Goethe Institute website (in German).
    • Goethe Institute, "Konstruktion der Erinnerung" project with its Dossier Construction Remembrance. It is a very rich site with lots of short essays by many experts. It looks like most of them were posted/translated in 2007.
  • Aug. 28, 2012: 1968 essay by Thomas Nipperdey, "Nationalidee und Nationaldenkmal in Deutschland im 19. Jahrhundert," Historische Zeitschrift (1968); from idem, Kultur, Gesellschaft, Theorie: Gesammelte Aufsätze (Göttingen, 1976), 133-173, 22 page pdf, added to National Memory section, below.
  • July 12, 2011: May 2012 conference in Denmark: "Conflict in Memory: Interpersonal and Intergenerational Remembering of War, Conflict and Transition". Proposals due by Jan. 15, 2012.
  • Feb. 14, 2011: Just published: Jeffrey Olick, Vered Vinitzky-Seroussi, Daniel Levy (eds.), The Collective Memory Reader (Oxford University Press, 2011)($27 at amazon, with TOC)
  • Jan. 1, 2011: program of an April 2010 conference on Death/Dark/Thanatourism
  • Oct. 31, 2010: add to week 5/site: Int'l Coalition of Sites of Conscience website.
    • It was founded in 1999 as the International Coalition of Historic Site Museums of Conscience, to:
      "assist the public in drawing connections between the history of our sites and their contemporary implications.  We view stimulating dialogue on pressing social issues and promoting humanitarian and democratic values as a primary function."
    • Has plenty of pdf articles, definitions, etc.
  • Aug. 26, 2010: I just noticed that an important book by one of scholars I respect most, Lutz Niethammer's Kollektive Identität: Heimliche Quellen einer unheimlichen Konjunktur (Reinbek: Rowohlt, 2000), 680 pages, is hard to get even from Interlibrary Loans.
    • While I think that Niethammer's complete rejection of the concept is overblown, his careful archaeology of the use of the concept in the first half of the 20th century is very enlightening.
    • This review essay includes a detailed summary description: Dietmar Rost, "In der Geisterbahn kollektiver Identität. Lutz Niethammers Kritik einer Begriffskonjunktur,"Forum qualitative Sozialforschung 4:2(Mai 2003); full text online
    • It is available cheaply at amazon.de, for about $30 at amazon.com
  • July 18, 2010: Jeffrey Olick et al (eds.), The Collective Memory Reader (Oxford Univ. Press) is due to be published in Dec. 2010. (publisher's site Table of Contents) This book organizes dozens of excerpts and key texts into five categories:
    1. Precursors and Classics (Nietzsche, Vygotsky, Freud, Halbwachs, Bloch, ...)
    2. History, Memory and Identity (Confino, Yerushalmi, Assmann, Olick,...)
    3. Power, Politics, and Contestation (Bodnar, Hobsbawm, Schudson, Kansteiner, ...)
    4. Media and Modes of Transmission (Welzer, Hirsch, Zelizer, Koselleck, Young, ...)
    5. Memory, Justice, and the Contemporary Epoch (Hutton, Nora, Winter, Maier, ...)
  • May 15, 2010: Quite a few conferences about collective/social memory are being held, as well as some new publications. Here are some links to see what's going on:
  • Apr. 30, 2010: Jeffrey Olick's Univ. of Virginia website links to pdfs of a number of his articles on memory, including his entry "Collective Memory" for the International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. An important anthology of key texts is due to be published soon:
    • The Collective Memory Reader (with Vered Vinitzky-Seroussi and Daniel Levy). Oxford University Press, in press 2010.
  • Sept. 26, 2009: Some new books, reviews, etc. to add in the right places when I get a chance:
    • Reenacting, new popular book: Tim Moore, I Believe in Yesterday: My Adventures in Living History (Vintage, 2009)($13 amazon page)
    • Dealing with the Past in Asia: special edition of Zeithistorische Forschungen, June 2009. Excellent series of articles on numerous countries (in German): Palastmuseen in China & Taiwan (31p. pdf); Yakusuni Shrine in Japan (23p. pdf); ...
    • Sites: Berlin
  • Aug. 24, 2009: Natan Sznaider. Gedächtnisraum Europa: Die Visionen des europäischen Kosmopolitismus; eine jüdische Perspektive. Bielefeld: transcript Verlag, 2008. 153 pp.
    • Aug 2009 H-German review by Daniel Levy: "Methodologically, Sznaider makes an invaluable contribution to the burgeoning field of studies in which the nexus of memory and history takes center stage. In contrast to most case studies, which still focus on the tensions between memory and history, Sznaider's analysis suggests a more complex dynamic that draws on their interaction. He is not primarily interested in historical events but rather with their mnemohistory: that is, following Jan Assman, how pasts are remembered over time and how the conditions for their appropriation change.[1] What matters here is not so much the facticity of an event, but how the past is inscribed into different memory cultures. How histories are remembered (and by extension distorted) over time emerges as the main focus of analysis: not the factuality of memories but their actuality. In contrast to Assmann's emphasis on what is remembered, however, Sznaider insists on considering who is remembering. He makes a strong case for recognizing that each group has its distinctive way of immobilizing time, as memory practices are mediated by the idiosyncratic features of a group's experiences in time and distinctive cultural dispositions towards specific pasts and pastness in general. Thus, scholars need to attend to the kind of cultural validations specific groups attribute to temporal phenomenon such as progress, change, innovation, and memory itself (and of course, to the fact that groups have different experiences). The distinction between what is remembered and who remembers is especially important given that the consolidation of a universalizing Holocaust memory culture in European discourse and public rituals is essentially based on the obliteration of particular (Jewish) memories. Sznaider's book is a remedy against the oblivion that has accompanied the European memory boom and its concomitant politics of apology.
      [1]. Jan Assmann, Moses the Egyptian: The Memory of Egypt in Western Monotheism (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1997), 9-10: "Mnemohistory is not concerned with the past as such, but only with the past as it is remembered.... It concentrates exclusively on those aspects of significance and relevance which are the product of memory--that is, of a recourse to the past- and which appear only in the light of later readings.... The present is 'haunted' by the past, and the past is modeled, invented, reinvented, and reconstructed by the present.... Mnemohistory analyzes the importance which a present ascribes to the past."
    • Sept. 5-9, 2009 conference by Collegium Carolinum, Munich; Projekt "Musealisierung der Erinnerung – Zweiter Weltkrieg und nationalsozialistische Besatzung in Museen, Gedenkstätten und Denkmälern im östlichen Europa" (program on H-Soz-Kult)
  • Feb. 26-27, 2009: The Second Annual Conference of the NSSR Interdisciplinary Memory Group. Some of the issues that the conference will address include:
    • The internationalization of memory: How are models and meanings transported around the world
    • Denial, imposture and historical events—Can a scientific method limit dubious mobilization of memory
    • Memory and revenge
    • Narrative and visual memory: What do they want memory “to do for them” (Eyal, 2004) or how the form serves the aim
    • Memory (Studies) and the Future
  • Jan. 22, 2009: new book: Astrid Erll and Ansgar Nünning (eds.), Cultural Memory Studies: An International and Interdisciplinary Handbook (= Media and Cultural Memory/Medien und kulturelle Erinnerung 8) (Berlin: de Gruyter 2008), 441 S., EUR 98,00. (1/22/09 HSK review by Malte Theissen, FZ Hamburg)
  • Jan. 5, 2009: This page and seminar is now one layer deeper to make room for my current 201e seminar on Museums and History.
  • Nov. 26, 2008: A former student sent me this article from a new journal Memory Studies: Paul Connerton, "Seven Types of Forgetting," in: Memory Studies 1:1(2008), 60-72. (pdf; abstract with link to free pdf in upper right). His types of forgetting: Repressive Erasure, Prescriptive Forgetting, Forgetting Constitutive of a New Identity, Structural Amnesia, Forgetting as Annulment, Forgetting as Planned Obsolescence, and Forgetting as Humiliated Silence. (thanks to Paul Sandul for the reference)
  • Oct. 19, 2008: See this review (in German) of the 2007 Festschrift for Aleida Assmann: Arbeit am Gedächtnis (20 essays). Part IV is about Generation and Memory.
    • Also Jason Tebbe's H-Memory review of Jeffrey Olick's book: The Politics of Regret: On Collective Memory and Historical Responsibility (New York Routledge, 2007), 229 pp. It sounds like a critique of Halbwachs' static concept of Collective Memory that lays out a process-oriented alternative ("counter-concepts" laid out on p. 91). The periodization of postwar German 'memory' by the interpretations of May 8, 1945 strikes me as an odd one to choose, but I haven't read the book yet.
  • Sept. 26, 2008: This Oct. 2008 conference in Kiel, "Geschichtspolitik und kollektives Gedächtnis. Rückblick, Kritik, Perspektiven," announcement on HSK has a number of interesting presentations. It would be worthwhile to see what the presenters have published.
  • Aug. 1, 2007: I just discovered an interesting radio show (WNYC's Radiolab, June 8, 2007) on the physiology of memory: "Memory and Forgetting." The first 22 mins. before the break are the most relevant in a social-historical context.
  • Apr. 1, 2007: good links on History and the Internet:

Course Description & Requirements (back to top)

Hist 201E (Readings in European History): " This graduate reading seminar explores how scholars have attempted to conceptualize how historical events affect the social and political behaviors of individuals, groups, and societies. Scholars often conceive of this process as an interaction between "the past," or at least an objectively fixable "history" as recorded in sources and interpreted by professional historians, and a more subjective and malleable "memory" that accrues in the minds of individuals and is shared among groups.

The course is designed both for students with a dissertation field in European history, and for students with an emphasis in public history. It should not only provide solid grounding in aspects of public history in Europe, but also prepare students in a general way for my subsequent 2-quarter research seminar in public history (Hist 217BC).

Each week we will all read several articles, chapters, or a monograph as "core readings." Two students will work with the professor to produce a thesis paper on those readings. Additionally, pairs of students will read supplementary selections and present their results to the class.

Required Books
Course Reader
Hyperlinked
Table of Contents


13 selections; 198 pages,
$17.25 at GrafikArt
James Wertsch, Voices of Collective Remembering (Cambridge UP, 2002), 202 p.
($24 on amazon)

Jan Gross, Neighbors: The Destruction of the Jewish Community in Jedwabne, Poland (Princeton, 2001),
260 pages, $10.65
Colette Waddell, book cover
Colette Waddell, Through the Eyes of a Survivor
(Top Cat, 2007),
503 pages
$23.95

Weekly Topics & Readings
*=core reading; ^=assigned supplementary reading
1
Intro

Week 1 (back to top)

Jan. 8: Introductory discussion: Core Concepts, Writing a Literature Review

  • Historical relativism
    • Friedrich Nietzsche, "On the Uses and Abuses of History for Life" (1874), esp. 1-3 and first paragraph of 4. full text online (link updated 9/17/11)
    • Carl Becker, "Everyman his own Historian," in: AHR 37:2(Jan. 1932), 221-236 16 page pdf
      • on the reception of Becker's speech see: Milton Klein's essay "Carl Becker as Historiographer," The History Teacher 19:1(Nov. 1985), pp. 101-109. 9-page pdf
    • David Lowenthal, "Fabricating Heritage," in: History & Memory 10:1(Spring 1998). See also his monographs, below.
    • Howard Zinn, The Politics of History (Beacon 1970, Illinois 1990), intorductory essay on presentism (google books; $5 & searchable on amazon; 1974 review Jnl Interdisc Hist (jstor);
      • Howard Schonberger, "Purposes and Ends in History: Presentism and the New Left (in Historiography)," in: The History Teacher 7:3(May, 1974), 448-458 (pdf)
    • Robert Kelley, "Public History: Its Origins, Nature, and Prospects," in: the Public Historian 1:1(Fall 1978), 16-28. reprinted in Leffler/Brent, Public History Readings (1992), 111-120 (esp. 111-116).(searchable 6 page pdf)
    • Marcuse's definition of "Reception History"

2
Indiv/Coll. Mem.

Week 2 (back to top) *=core reading; ^=assigned supplementary reading

Jan. 15 (yes, usual time on MLK day): Individual Memory and Collective Memory (back to top)

  • *Freud, Sigmund, "Remembering, Repeating, and Working-Through" (1914), in: v. 12 of Standard Edition (1950), 145-157. 6 page searchable pdf. (2004 discussion in History Workshop Journal [project muse])
    • See also Freud's "Mourning and Melancholia," in The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Ed. James Strachey. (London: Hogarth Press, 1953-74) vol. 14, 244-5
    • Frederick Crews, Memory Wars: Freud's Legacy in Dispute (Granta Books, 1997)
    • Bergson, Henri (1859-1941), Matter and Memory (Matière et mémoire, 1896) (Dover, 2004), 352 pages. ($10 at amazon; TOC google books; 1911 1st ed.)
  • Halbwachs, Maurice (1877-1945)
    • *The Collective Memory (first published posthumously in 1950, written prior to 1940; English: New York: Harper & Row, 1980), 186 pages; UCSB: HM267 .H313. Therein: "Individual Memory and Collective Memory," 22-49, and "Historical Memory and Collective Memory," 50-87. ($92 at amazon, but you can see who cites it)
    • The Social Frameworks of Memory (Les cadres sociaux de la mémoire, 1925)
    • La topographie légendaire des Évangiles en Terre Sainte; étude de mémoire collectiv (1941); The Legendary Topography of the Gospels in the Holy Land, in On Collective Memory, edited, translated, and with introduction by Lewis Coser (University of Chicago, 1992), "Conclusion" pp. 193-235. ($18 and searchable at amazon); 1941 French: UCSB: DS104.3 .H3
    • ^Lewis Coser (ed.), On Collective Memory (1992): contains a former student's introduction, then translated preface, short chap. 1-4 excerpts, and chaps. 5, 6, 7 and conclusion of Social Frameworks, also conclusion of the Legendary Topography.
    • Thesenpapier zu Halbwachs, by a student at the European University, Frankfurt/Oder, found 5/2010
  • (*)Assmann, Jan, "Collective Memory and Cultural Identity," in New German Critique 65(1995), 125-133. (jstor, 9 page pdf)
    • Gombrich, Ernst, Aby Warburg: An Intellectual Biography (1970) 1997 ed. $120 at amazon
  • Aleida Assmann, “From Collective Violence to a Common Future: Four Models for Dealing with a Traumatic Past,” in: Helen Gonçalves da Silva et al. (eds.), Conflict, Memory Transfers and the Reshaping of Europe (Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2010), 8-23.
  • ^Amos Funkenstein, "Collective Memory and Historical Consciousness," in History and Memory 1(Spr/Sum 1989), 5-26. (12 page searchable pdf)[Tara and Mira]
  • ^Connerton, Paul, "Commemorative Ceremonies," ch. 2 of How Societies Remember (Cambridge University Press, 1989), pp. 41-71. ($23 and searchable on amazon; google books)[Abraham]
  • ^Paul Ricoeur, Memory, History, Forgetting (Univ. Chicago, 2004), 624 pages ($25 & searchable on amazon) w/ discussion of Halbwachs and Nora (going back to Plato)[Nanette, or Kerwin Klein]
  • ^Kerwin Klein, "On the Emergence of Memory in Historical Discourse," in: Representations 70(Winter 2000), 127-150. (jstor, 24 page pdf)[N., if not Ricoeur]
  • ^Matsuda, Matt, The Memory of the Modern (Oxford UP, 2001), 264 pages ($19 & searchable at amazon) [Meagan and Stacey, otherwise Hutton]
  • ^Hutton, Patrick, "The Art of Memory Reconceived: From Rhetoric to Psychoanalysis," in: Journal of the History of Ideas 48:3(July-Sept 1987), 371-393. (pdf) [M & S, if not Matsuda]
    • Patrick Hutton, review of History and Memory by Jacques Le Goff (first published 1977), and Assassins of Memory: Essays on the Denial of the Holocaust by Pierre Vidal-Naquet, in: History and Theory 33:1(Feb., 1994), pp. 95-107. (jstor, pdf)
    • Patrick Hutton, History as an Art of Memory (review by Gillis in JHM jstor; )
  • AHR Forum, 102(1997): Introduction 1 p. pdf
    • ^Susan Crane, Writing the Individual Back into Collective Memory, p. 1372-1385 14 page pdf (good discussion of Halbwachs) [Paul & Julia]
    • Alon Confino, Collective Memory and Cultural History: Problems of Method, in: AHR 102(1997), 1386-1403 18 page pdf
  • Gillis, John, "Memory and Identity: The History of a Relationship," in J. Gillis, ed., Commemorations: The Politics of National Identity (Princeton University Press, 1994), pp.2-26. (reviews: Wm Johnston in TPH jstor; Contemp Soc jstor; Geog-jstor)
  • Noa Gedi and Yigal Elam, "Collective Memory--What Is It?" in History and Memory 8:1(1996), 30-50. (full text) Critique of Halbwachs, but w/o posthumous Coll. Mem.
  • Mieke Bal et al (ed.), Acts of Memory: Cultural Recall in the Present (Dartmouth 1998), 268 pages ($25 and searchable on amazon). 15 litcrit essays. Nanette recommends highly.
  • Alon Confino and Peter Fritzsche, eds. The Work of Memory: New Directions in the Study of German Society and Culture. (Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2002), 265 pp. 1998 conference. ($33 & searchable at amazon; H-Net review; ). UCSB: DD61 .W67 2002
  • David Lowenthal, The Past is a Foreign Country (Cambridge UP, 1985), 516 pages ($33 & searchable on amazon; reviews by T.Ranger jstor, D.Glassberg jstor, geog jstor, 16th c jstor, EHR jstor, isis jstor,
    • Richard Lunt, "Teaching the Survey Course in European History after Reading The Past Is a Foreign Country," The History Teacher 26:2 (Feb. 1993), pp. 191-201. jstor
    • D. Lowenthal, Possessed by the Past: The Heritage Crusade and the Spoils of History (New York, 1996).($20 at amazon)
    • D. Lowenthal, Possessed by the Past: The Heritage Crusade and the Spoils of History (Cambridge UP, 1998), 356 pages ($15 on amazon; reviews by K.Till jstor, M.Matsuda jstor, M.Frisch AHR jstor,)
  • Gerdien Jonker, The Topography of Remembrance: The Dead, Tradition and Collective Memory in Mesopotamia (Leiden/New York: Brill, 1995)[translated by Helen Richardson]. pp. 4-34 discuss and define "memory" (google books--those pages not available; $95 on amazon). UCSB doesn't own [ill 12/30/06]
  • Jeffrey Olick and Joyce Robbins, "Social Memory Studies: From 'Collective Memory' to the Historical Sociology of Mnemonic Practices," in: Annual Review of Sociology 24(1998), 105-140 (jstor; 36 page pdf)
  • Eviatar Zerubavel, Time Maps: Collective Memory and the Social Shape of the Past (Univ. of Chicago, 2003), (google books) UCSB: BD638.Z48 2003
  • Jeffrey Olick, States of Memory: Continuities, Conflicts, and Transformations in National Retrospection (Duke, 2003), 354 pages (google books)
  • Niethammer, Lutz, Kollektive Identität: Heimliche Quellen einer unheimlichen Konjunktur (Reinbek: Rowohlt, 2000), 680pp. Not held by UC; H-Soz-u-Kult Rezension. starts with a detailed history of the concept, including Halbwachs
  • Raphael Samuel, Theatres of Memory: Past and Present in Contemporary Culture (2 vols., London, 1994,1998) ($44 at amazon; ) UCSB: DA1 .S35 1994 (focus on Britain)
  • Susan Sontag, Regarding the Pain of Others, (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2003), 131 pages, UCSB HM554 .S65 2003
    "Watching the evening news offers constant evidence of atrocity--a daily commonplace in our 'society of spectacle.' But are viewers inured--or incited--to violence by the daily depiction of cruelty and horror? Is the viewer's perception of reality eroded by the universal availability of imagery intended to shock? In this investigation of the role of imagery in our culture, Susan Sontag cuts through circular arguments about how pictures can inspire dissent or foster violence as she takes a fresh look at the representation of atrocity--from Goya's The Disasters of War to photographs of the American Civil War, lynchings of blacks in the South, and Dachau and Auschwitz to contemporary horrific images of Bosnia, Sierra Leone, Rwanda, and New York City on September 11, 2001. Sontag's new book, a startling reappraisal of the intersection of "information", "news," "art," and politics in the contemporary depiction of war and disaster, will forever alter our thinking about the uses and meanings of images in our world."

3
Cognition

Week 3 (back to top) *=core reading; ^=assigned supplementary reading

Jan. 22: Cognition and Memory (Psychological Approaches) (back to top)

  • *J.W. Pennebaker, D. Paez & B. Rimé (eds.), Collective Memory of Political Events: Social Psychological Perspectives (Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum, 1997); therein: Pennebaker, J.W. & Banasik, B., "On the Creation and Maintenance of Collective Memories: History as Social Psychology" (pdf; book $45 at amazon). An examination how collective memories associated with the JFK assassination, the Loma Prieta earthquake, Persian Gulf War, and other upheavals are made through social processes.
  • Schacter, Daniel, Searching for Memory: The Brain, the Mind, and the Past (Basic, 1996), 398 pages ($7 and searchable on amazon)
  • David Middleton and Derek Edwards (eds.), Collective Remembering (London: Sage, 1990). psychological approach
  • Thomas Butler (ed.), Memory: History, Culture and the Mind (Oxford: Blackwell, 1989)
  • Endel Tulving, Fergus I. M. Craik, The Oxford Handbook of Memory (Oxford UP, 2000), 700 pages (google books)
  • Wegner, D.W., "Transactive Memory: A Contemporary Analysis of the Group Mind," in: B. Mullen and G.R. Goethals (eds.), Theories of Group Behavior (New York: Springer, 1988), 185-208. Not at UCSB: HM131 .T446 1987 [ill 1/12/07]
  • Yates, Frances, The Art of Memory (1966; Univ. Chicago, 2001), 464 pages ($18 & TOC at amazon; )
  • Weldon, Mary & Krystal Bellinger,"Collective Memory: Collaborative and Individual Processes in Remembering," in: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 23(Sept. 1997), 1160-1175. Reports on two experiments. 16 page pdf

4
Sites: Theory

Week 4 (back to top) *=core reading; ^=assigned supplementary reading

Jan. 29: "Sites" (lieux) of Memory: Theory

  • *Nora, Pierre, "Between Memory and History: Les Lieux de Memoire," Representations 26 (Spring, 1989), 7-25 (jstor, pdf)=Intro to v. 1 of French edition
    • first read Nora's note (jstor, pdf)
    • ^3 volume work (1984, 88, 92) translated as: Realms of Memory: Rethinking the French Past; translated by Arthur Goldhammer, edited and with a foreword by Lawrence D. Kritzman (New York: Columbia University Press, 1996-98). v. 1: Conflicts and Divisions; v. 2. Traditions; v. 3. Symbols
      UCSB: DC33 L6513 1996 (Aug. 1998 H-France review of v2 by Jay Winter; JAH review by John Bodnar; )
    • v. 3(1998 trans): final essay by Pierre Nora, "The Era of Commemoration," pp. 608-637,702-707
    • ^Nancy Wood, Vectors of Memory: Legacies of Trauma in Postwar Europe (New York: Berg, 1999), 15-37. ($10 at amazon; ) UCSB: BF371.W66 1999.
    • v. 1&2 retranslated as: Rethinking France; translated by Mary Trouille, translation directed by David P. Jordan (University of Chicago Press, 2001-)
    • ^Review essay "Remembered Realms: Pierre Nora and French National Memory," by Hue-Tam Ho Tai, AHR 106:3 (June 2001), 906-922 (38 paragraphs).
    • Peter Carrier, "Places, Politics, and the Archiving of Contemporary Memory in Pierre Nora’s Les Lieux de memoire," in Susannah Radstone (ed.), Memory and Methodology (Oxford 2000), 37–57.
    • ^Nancy Wood, "Memory's Remains: Les Lieux de Memoire," in History and Memory 6:1(1994), 123-150. Also in her Vectors of Memory, pp. 15-38.
  • Iwona Irwin-Zarecka, Frames of Remembrance: The Dynamics of Collective Memory (Transaction, 1994)($40 at amazon) UCSB: BF378.S65 I78 1994. with annotated bibliography
  • James Fentress and Chris Wickham, Social Memory (Blackwell, 1992)(no info on amazon; ) UCSB: BF378.S65 F46 1992. Chapter 1, "Remembering," offers a middle-ages to present overview. (History of memory)
  • Barry Schwartz, " The Social Context of Commemoration: A Study in Collective Memory," Social Forces 61:2(Dec. 1982), pp. 374-402 (jstor, pdf)
    • Bernard Lewis, History: Remembered, Recovered, Invented (Princeton, 1975

5
Sites: Ex.

Week 5 (back to top) *=core reading; ^=assigned supplementary reading

Feb. 5: "Sites" of Memory: Examples

  • *James V. Wertsch, Voices of Collective Remembering (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002), 202 p. UCSB: BF378.S65 W47 2002 (reviews: jstor Slavic Review; jstor: Slavic+EEur)($17/25 & searchable on amazon) (google books).
    • top-notch general and terminological discussion from semiotics perspective, but incorporating other disciplines (introduces own jargon) , application to Soviet case, also reception history
  • Kenneth E. Foote, Shadowed Ground: America's Landscapes of Violence and Tragedy (Austin: Univ. Texas, 1997, revised and updated 2003), 398 pages ($13 at amazon)
  • Gregory Ashworth and Rudi Hartmann (eds.), Horror and Human Tragedy Revisited: The Management of Sites of Atrocities for Tourism (NY: Cognizant, 2005), 266 pages ($45 on amazon) UCDavis only: G156.5.H47 H67 2005
  • Walkowitz, Daniel and Lisa Knauer (eds.), Memory and the Impact of Political Transformation in Public Space (Duke, 2004), 326 pages ($19 on amazon)[reviews: AJS (March 2006),1574 pdf; AHR (June 2005), 916; Urban Studies (Oct 2006),2115]
  • John Bodnar, Remaking America: Public Memory, Commemoration, and Patriotism in the Twentieth Century (Princeton, 1992), 318 pages ($22 & searchable on amazon; reviews: Barry Schwartz in Contemp.Soc. jstor; )
  • Etienne François and Hagen Schulze, Deutsche Erinnerungsorte 3 vols. (Munich: Beck, 2002-2004) (amazon.de). Einleitung: vol. 1, 9-24
  • Martin Sabrow (ed.): Erinnerungsorte der DDR (Munich: Beck, 2009), 619 pages. [review in Deutschlandarchiv 43:3(2010), 557f by Heidi Behrens](30Euro at amazon.de)
  • Hogan, Michael (ed.), Hiroshima in History and Memory (Cambridge UP, 1996), 290 pages ($11 & searchable at amazon). also on Enola Gay exhibit
  • Francesca Cappelletto (ed.), Memory and World War II: An Ethnographic Approach (Berg, 2005), 206 pages ($26 at amazon; ) UCSB: D744.55.M46 2005 . Narrative reconstructions at the community level
  • Art/Memorials
    • Shelley Hornstein and Florence Jacobowitz, Image and Remembrance: Representation and the Holocaust (Indiana University Press, 2003)($20 & searchable at amazon; Biography review, Shofar, H-Net)
    • James E. Young, The Texture of Memory: Holocaust Memorials and Meaning (Yale, 1994)($18 & searchable at amazon; )
    • James E. Young (ed.), Holocaust Memorials in History: The Art of Memory (Te Nues, 1994), 192 pages ($40 at amazon)
    • Wiedmer, Caroline, The Claims of Memory: Representations of the Holocaust in Contemporary Germany and France (Cornell, 1999), 244 pages ($19 and searchable on amazon)
    • Marcuse, Harold, "Holocaust Commemoration: A Strategy for West Germany," in: Dimensions 3:2(1987). unabridged version
  • World Wars (and others)
    • George Mosse, Fallen Soldiers: Reshaping the Memory of the World Wars (Oxford, 1990), 264 pages (google books; )
    • Keith Wilson (ed.), Forging the Collective Memory: Government and International Historians through two World Wars (Berghahn, 19960, 300 pages (google books; ) . Survey of participants in Great War; includes: "Senator Owen, the Schuldreferat, and the Debate over War Guilt in the 1920s"
    • Paul Fussell, The Great War and Modern Memory (Oxford, 2000), 384 pages (google books; )
    • Francesca Cappelletto, Memory And World War II: An Ethnographic Approach (Berg, 2005), 252 pages (google books; )
    • Michael Roper, Graham Dawson, T. G. Ashplant (eds.), Politics of War, Memory and Commemoration (Routledge, 2001) (google books; )
  • Cities/Architecture
    • Gavriel Rosenfeld, Munich and Memory: Architecture, Monuments, and the Legacy of the Third Reich (UC Press, 2000), 456 pages ($27 & searchable at amazon)
    • Neil Gregor, Haunted City: Nuremberg and the Nazi Past (Yale UP, 2008).
    • Berlin
      • Brian Ladd, Ghosts of Berlin: Confronting German History in the Urban Landscape (Univ. Chicago, 1997), 282 pages ($15 & searchable at amazon)
      • Karen Till, The New Berlin: Memory, Politics, Place (Minnesota, 2005), 296 pages ($25 at amazon; 2005 HSozKult Rezension)
      • Jennifer Jordan, Structures of Memory: Understanding Urban Change in Berlin And Beyond (Cultural Memory in the Present) (Stanford, 2006), 304 pages ($25 at amazon; ) UCSB: HT169.G32 B3876 2006.
      • Dirk Verheyen, United City, Divided Memories?. Cold War Legacies in Contemporary Berlin (Lanham: Lexington Books, 2008)(2009 HSozKult Rezension)
  • Holocaust Memory
    • Nancy Wood, "The Holocaust: Historical Memories and Contemporary Identities," in: Media, Culture & Society 13:3 (July 1991): pp357-380 (pdf)
    • Gavriel Rosenfeld, The World Hitler Never Made: Alternate History and the Memory of Nazism (Cambridge UP, 2005), 536 pages ($18 & searchable on amazon)
    • Cole, Tim, Selling the Holocaust: From Auschwitz to Schindler; How History is Bought, Packaged and Sold (Routledge, 2000), 240 pages ($9 & searchable on amazon)
  • Events
    • Hans Mommsen, "Hitler's Reichstag Speech of 30 January 1939," in History and Memory 9:1-2(1997), 147- (proquest,)
    • Bombing of Dresden, Feb. 1945: See the literature listed in this Kent University bibliography on Legacies of WW2 (do page search, about 1/4 way down).
    • Emily Rosenberg, A Date Which Will Live: Pearl Harbor in American Memory (Durham, NC, 2003), . amazon; historynet review, review in Journal of Asian American Studies 7.1 (2004) 81-84 (muse)
  • Museums
    • Thomas A. Woods, "Museums and the Public: Doing History Together," in: Journal of American History 82:3(Dec. 1995), 1111-1115. pdf
    • Handler, Richard and Eric Gable, The New History in an Old Museum: Creating the Past at Colonial Williamsburg (Duke, 1997), 272 pages ($16 & TOC on amazon)
    • Linenthal, Edward, Preserving Memory: The Struggle to Create America's Holocaust Museum (Penguin, 1995), 336 pages ($6 & searchable at amazon)
    • Marcuse, Harold, "Experiencing the Jewish Holocaust in Los Angeles:
      The Beit Hashoah--Museum of Tolerance," in: Other Voices, 2:1 (February 2000)(online)
  • Literature
    • Langer, Laurence, The Ruins of Memory
    • Young, James, Writing and Rewriting the Holocaust
    • Apel, Dora, Memory Effects: The Holocaust and the Art of Secondary Witnessing (Rutgers, 2002), 241 pages ($8 and searchable on amazon)
    • Art Spiegelman, Maus (1986, 1992); my Maus Resources page
  • Remains
    • Sept. 2009 conference "Disturbing Remains. Der Umgang mit den materiellen Überresten des Nationalsozialismus" (HSozKult announcement)

6
National

Week 6 (back to top) *=core reading; ^=assigned supplementary reading

Feb 12: Studies of National Memories

  • *H. Marcuse, "Memories of World War II and the Holocaust in Europe," in: Gordon Martel (ed.), A Companion to Europe, 1900-1945 (Blackwell, 2006), 487-504. ($167 and searchable at amazon)(overview essay about 11 European countries)
  • *Jedwabne
    • *Gross, Jan, Neighbors: The Destruction of the Jewish Community in Jedwabne, Poland (Princeton, 2001), 260 pages ($10.65 at amazon; )
    • *Polonsky, Antony and Joanna Michlic, The Neighbors Respond: The Controversy over the Jedwabne Massacre in Poland (Princeton, 2004), 489 pages ($19 at amazon)
    • ^3 articles in History & Memory, 2006 (table of contents):
      • E. Wolentarska-Ochman, "Collective Remembrance in Jedwabne" 27 page pdf
      • Response by Slabomir Kapralski, "The J. Village Green?" 16 page pdf
      • Wolentarski-Ochman's Response to Slawomir Kapralski
  • Poland
    • ^Steinlauf, Michael, Bondage to the Dead: Poland and the Memory of the Holocaust (Syracuse, 1997), 192 pages
    • ^Polonsky, Antony (ed.), 'My Brother's Keeper?': Recent Polish Debates on the Holocaust (Routledge, 1990), 242 pages
    • ^Jonathan Huener, Auschwitz, Poland, and the Politics of Commemoration, 1945-1979 (Athens: Ohio University Press, 2003), 326 pp. ($24 at amazon; H-Net review)
    • ^Ronit Lentin (ed.), Representing the Shoah for the Twenty-First Century (Berghahn, 2004), chap. 10: Annamaria Orla-Bukowska, "Re-presenting the Shoah in Poland and Poland in the Shoah," 179-194. ($50 at amazon)
  • Michel-Rolph Trouillot, Silencing the Past: Power and the Production of History (Beacon, 1995), 192 pages ($13 & TOC on amazon)
  • John Gillis, review essay: "Remembering Memory: A Challenge for Public Historians in a Post-National Era," Public Historian 14:4(Fall 1992), 83-93 (jstor) (on Glassberg, Bodnar, Johnston, Kammen)
  • Europe survey
    • M Helena Gonçalves da Silva et al (eds.), Conflict, Memory Transfers and the Reshaping of Europe (Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2010), 334 pages.
      "Discusses processes of memory construction associated with the realities of war and genocide, totalitarianism, colonialism as well as trans-border dialogues in the overcoming of conflict memories. This book examines and articulates across several different media discourses, problems, contexts and considerations of value."
    • R.N. Lebow, W. Kansteiner, & C. Fogu (eds.), The Politics of Memory in Postwar Europe (Duke UP, 2006). ($24 on amazon)
    • Andrei Markovits and Simon Reich, The German Predicament: Memory and Power in the New Europe (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1997).
  • Germany
    • Thomas Nipperdey, "Nationalidee und Nationaldenkmal in Deutschland im 19. Jahrhundert," Historische Zeitschrift (1968); from idem, Kultur, Gesellschaft, Theorie: Gesammelte Aufsätze (Göttingen, 1976), 133-173.
    • Rudy Koshar, From Monuments to Traces: Artifacts of German Memory, 1870-1990 (UC Press, 2000), 368 pages (google books; )
      See also Koshar's Germany's Transient Pasts: Preservation and National Memory in the Twentieth Century (UNC Press, 1998) (google books; )
    • Niven, Bill, Facing the Nazi Past (Routledge, 2001), 272 pages ($27 & searchable on amazon)
    • Reichel, Peter, Politik mit der Erinnerung: Gedächtnisorte im Streit um die nationalsozialistische Vergangenheit (Munich: Hanser, 1995)(GSR rev by Kattago jstor)
  • US
    • Mike Wallace, Mickey Mouse History and Other Essays on American Memory (Philadelphia: Temple, 1996), 318 pages ($24 and TOC on amazon)
    • George Lipsitz, Time Passages: Collective Memory and American Popular Culture (Univ. Minnesota, 2001), 326 pages (google books; )
    • Kenneth E. Foote, Shadowed Ground: America's Landscapes of Violence and Tragedy (Austin: Univ. Texas, 1997, revised and updated 2003), 398 pages ($13 at amazon)
    • Novick, Peter, The Holocaust in American Life (Mariner, 2000), 382 pages ($6 & searchable on amazon; )
    • Hilene Flanzbaum (ed.), The Americanization of the Holocaust (Johns Hopkins, 1999), 272 pages ($9 & searchable on amazon)
    • Barbie Zelizer, Covering the Body: The Kennedy Assassination, the Media, and the Shaping of Collective Memory (Univ. Chicago, 1993), 307 pages ($12 & searchable at amazon)
    • Sturken, Marita, Tangled Memories: The Vietnam War, the AIDS Epidemic, and the Politics of Remembering (UC Press, 1997), 375 pages ($11 & searchable on amazon)
    • Glassberg, David, Sense of History: The Place of the Past in American Life (UMass, 2001), 269 pages ($25 on amazon)
    • Andreas Huyssen, Present Pasts: Urban Palimpsests and the Politics of Memory (Cultural Memory in the Present) (Stanford, 2003), 177 pages ($15 at amazon; )
    • Alison Landsberg, Prosthetic Memory: The Transformation of American Remembrance in the Age of Mass Culture (Columbia, 2004), 238 pages (google books;)
  • Israel
    • Tom Segev, The Seventh Million: The Israelis and the Holocaust (Owl, 2000), 608 pages ($7 & searchable on amazon)
    • Yael Zerubavel, Recovered Roots: Collective Memory and the Making of Israeli National Tradition (Univ. of Chicago, 1995)(google books; )
    • Yael Zerubavel, " The Death of Memory and the Memory of Death: Masada and the Holocaust as Historical Metaphors," Representations 45(Winter, 1994), pp. 72-100 (jstor).
    • Nachman Ben-Yehuda, The Masada Myth: Collective Memory and Mythmaking in Israel (Univ. Wisconsin, 1995) (review in Cont.Soc. jstor)
  • Central Europe
    • Staging the Past: The Politics of Commemoration in Habsburg Central Europe, 1848 to the Present, ed. by Maria Bucur and Nancy M. Wingfield (West Lafayette: Purdue University Press, 2001),
  • France
    • Henry Rousso, The Vichy Syndrome: History and Memory in France since 1944, trans. Arthur Goldhammer (Cambridge, Mass., 1991, 2006), ($15 at amazon; ).
    • Peter Carrier, Holocaust Monuments and National Memory Cultures in France and Germany since 1989: The Origins and Political Function of the Vél' D' Hiv in Paris and the Holocaust Monument in Berlin (New York and Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2005), 256 pp. ($25 & searchable on amazon; H-Net review)
  • East Germany/post 1989 Germany/Eastern Europe
    • Jeffrey Herf, Divided Nation
    • Jürgen Danyel (ed.), Geteilte Vergangenheit
    • Siobhan Kattago, Ambiguous Memory: The Nazi Past and German National Identity (Praeger, 2001), 216 pages ($99 & searchable on amazon). good discussion of Halbwachs & Nora, 13-21. UCSB: DD256.5.K287 2001
    • Richard Esbenshade, "Remembering to Forget: Memory, History, National Identity in Postwar East-Central Europe," in: Representations 49(Winter, 1995), pp. 72-96. (jstor) Special Issue: Identifying Histories: Eastern Europe Before and After 1989
  • Canada
    • Ruth Sandwell (ed.), To the Past: History Education, Public Memory, and Citizenship in Canada (Univ. Toronto, 2006), 120 pages ($24 & searchable at amazon; )
  • South Africa
    • Annie E. Coombes, History After Apartheid: Visual Culture and Public Memory in a Democratic South Africa (Duke, 2003), 366 pages ($15 and searchable at amazon) focus on art and museums
    • Sarah Nuttall, Negotiating the Past: The Making of Memory in South Africa (Oxford, 1998), 320 pages ($35 and searchable at amazon; )


7
Vectors
8
Generations

Week 7 (back to top) *=core reading; ^=assigned supplementary reading

(week of Feb. 19) Wed., Feb. 21, 6pm: "Vectors" of Memory: Photography, TV, Film, Monuments/Memorials [note 1/8/07: we decided to have the core readings focus on film]

  • *Anton Kaes, "History and Film: Public Memory in the Age of Electronic Dissemination," in: History and Memory 2:1(Fall 1990), 111-129.
  • Film
    • Kaes, Anton, From Hitler to Heimat: The Return of History as Film (Harvard, 1992), 272 pages ($7 and TOC on amazon)
    • "Forum:World War II and National Cinemas" American Historical Review 106:3 (June 2001) pp. 804-864(intro--need proxy server for links)
    • Lawrence Baron, Projecting The Holocaust Into The Present: The Changing Focus of Contemporary Holocaust Cinema (Rowman & Littlefield, 2005), 306p. (pub's descript; $15 at amazon; H-Net review, Film&Hist)
    • Toby Haggith (ed.), Holocaust and the Moving Image: Representations in Film and Television Since 1933 (Wallflower, 2005). Imperial War Museum conference volume. ($25 at amazon; TOC @ USHMM,
    • Insdorf, Annette, Indelible Shadows: Film and the Holocaust (Cambridge University Press, 1983, 1990; 3rd ed. 2003)($7 & searchable on amazon; H-Net review; 1990 preface)
    • Avisar, Ilan, Screening the Holocaust: Cinema's Images of the Unimaginable (Indiana University Press, 1988)(jstor/Film Quarterly rev.)
    • Doneson, Judith, The Holocaust in American Film (Syracuse University Press, 1987, rev. 2002), 288 pp. ($19.95; Shofar review; )
    • Mintz, Alan, Popular Culture and the Shaping of Holocaust Memory in America (U.Washington, 2001), 192 pages ($9 on amazon) examines 3 films (Judgement 1961, Pawnbroker 1965, Schindler 1992)
    • Friedlander, Saul, Probing the Limits of Representation: Nazism and the "Final Solution" (Harvard University Press, 1992)(
    • Wees, W, "Old Images, New Meanings: Recontextualizing Archival Footage of Nazism and the Holocaust," in Spectator: University of Southern California Journal of Film and Television Criticism, 20:1(199), 70-76
    • Walker, Janet, Trauma Cinema: Documenting incest and the Holocaust (UC Press, 2005), 273 pages, ($25 at amazon; Biography review, TOC)
    • Brent Toplin, History by Hollywood: The Use and Abuse of the American Past (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1996)
  • Schindler's List
  • Television
    • Mintz, Alan, Popular Culture and the Shaping of Holocaust Memory in America (Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 2001), 383 pp. (TOC, $11 at amazon; JAH review, H-Net review)
      PN1992.56 .T45 2001 (google books) [intro with 6 "assumptions;" articles on Ken Burns, Israel, History Channel, Culbert on Berlin Wall: 230-243, bibliography]
    • Jeffrey Shandler, While America Watches: Televising the Holocaust (OUP, 1999), 316pp. ($5 & searchable on amazon; AmJewHist review; Shofar, IFS)
    • Wulf Kansteiner, In Pursuit of German Memory: History, Television, and Politics After Auschwitz (Ohio Univ. Press, 2006), 438 pages (google books; ). chapt 2, pp. 11-30: "Finding Meaning in Memory: A Methodological Critique of Collective Memory Studies"=terminological discusssion, also in: History and Theory 41:2(May, 2002), pp. 179-197. (jstor)
  • Photography
    • Cornelia Brink, "Secular Icons: Looking at Photographs from Nazi Concentration Camps," in: History and Memory 15:1(Spring/Summer 2000), 135-150. UCSB: D16.8 .H6243 (muse, 16 page pdf)
    • Janina Struk, Photographing the Holocaust (I.B.Tauris, 2003), p. ($25 and searchable at amazon; pub w/TOC, Guardian article, Univ. of Houston/Victoria library review--scroll down)
    • Zelizer, B, Remembering to Forget: Holocaust Memory through the Camera's Eye (Univ. of Chicago, 1998)($17 & searchable at amazon; Shofar review, Biography review, pub w/ TOC)
    • Jay, Martin. "The Camera as Memento Mori," ch. 8 in: Downcast Eyes: The Denigration of Vision in Twentieth-Century French Thought. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993), 633pp; 435-491. ($24 & searchable at amazon)
    • Liss, Andrea. Trespassing Through Shadows: Memory, Photography, and the Holocaust (University of Minnesota Press, 1998), 152p. ($12 at amazon)
    • Bohm-Duchen, Monica, "The Uses and Abuses of Photography in Holocaust-Related Art," in Image and Remembrance: Representation and the Holocaust by Shelley Hornstein and Florence Jacobowitz (Indiana University Press, 2003), 220-34
    • Hirsch, Marianne, "Surviving images: Holocaust photographs and the work of postmemory," in Visual culture and the Holocaust by Barbie Zelizer (Athlone, 2001), 215-246
  • Monuments & Memorials
    • James Young, The Texture of Memory: Holocaust Memorials and Meaning (Yale, 1994), 415 pages (google books; )
  • Public History
    • Roy Rosenzweig and David Thelen, The Presence of the Past: Popular Uses of History in American Life (Columbia, 2000), 320 pages ($18 and searchable on amazon)
    • David Glassberg, "Public History and the Study of Memory,"in: The Public Historian 18:2(Spring 1996), pp. 7-23. (jstor)

8
Generations

Week 8 (back to top) *=core reading; ^=assigned supplementary reading

Feb. 26: History Debates (& Museums) Transmission of Memory over Time: Generations

  • *Karl Mannheim, "The Sociological Problem of Generations," (1927) in Paul Kecskemeti, Karl Mannheim: Essays (Routledge, 1952, 1972), 276-320. (26-page searchable pdf)
    • Jane Pilcher, "Mannheim's Sociology of Generations: An Undervalued Legacy," in: British Journal of Sociology 45:3 (Sept. 1994), pp. 481-495. 14 page pdf
    • Hans Jaeger, "Generations in History: Reflections on a Controversial Concept," in: History and Theory 24:3 (Oct. 1985), pp. 273-292. (translation of a 1977 Gesch & Gesell article). 19th origins, long discussion of Mannheim 18 page pdf [9/2013: OCR version]
  • *Harold Marcuse, "Generational Cohorts and the Shaping of Popular Attitudes towards the Holocaust," in: Remembering for the Future (London: Palgrave, 2001), vol. 3, pp. 652-663. [stand-alone version of Marcuse, Legacies of Dachau, chap. 12 (searchable at amazon)]
  • Alan B. Spitzer, "The Historical Problem of Generations," in: AHR 78:5 (Dec. 1973), pp. 1353-1385. 32 page pdf
  • Tamara Hareven, "The Search for Generational Memory," in: Daedalus 107:4(Fall 1978); reprinted in Leffler/Brent, Public History Readings (1992), 270-283. (searchable pdf)
  • Norbert Frei, "Farewell to the Era of Contemporaries: National Socialism and Its Historical Examination en Route into History," in: History and Memory 9:1-2(1997), 59- (proquest, )
  • Peter Loewenberg, "The Psychohistorical Origins of the Nazi Youth Cohort," American Historical Review, 76: 5 (December 1971), 1457-1502. (jstor, pdf)
  • Jacqueline Scott; Lilian Zac, "Collective Memories in Britain and the United States," in: Public Opinion Quarterly 57:3(Autumn, 1993), 315-331 17 page pdf
  • Joseph Demartini, "Change Agents and Generational Relationships: A Reevaluation of Mannheim's Problem of Generations," in: Social Forces 64:1 (Sept. 1985), 1-16 pdf
  • Hirsch, Marianne, Family Frames: Photography, Narrative and Postmemory (Harvard, 1997). [after R. Lentin (ed.)(2004), 7: postmemory=2nd generation
  • Philipp Gassert and Alan Steinweis (eds.), Coping With the Nazi Past: West German Debates on Nazism and Generational Conflict, 1955-1975 (Berghahn, 2006), 339 pages ($60 and searchable on amazon)

9
Teaching

Week 9 (back to top) *=core reading; ^=assigned supplementary reading

Mar. 5 : History Teaching (back to top)

  • *Sam Wineburg, Historical Thinking and Other Unnatural Acts: Charting the Future of Teaching the Past (Philadelphia: Temple, 2001), 255 pages ($16 at amazon)
  • Loewen, James, Lies My Teacher Told Me: Everything Your American History Textbook Got Wrong (NY: New Press, 1995, 2005), 372 pages ($9 & searchable at amazon) critique of 12 textbooks
  • Gary Nash, Charlotte Crabtree, Ross Dunn, History on Trial: Culture Wars and the Teaching of the Past (1997; Vintage 2000), 352 pages ($9 & searchable at amazon)
  • Peter Stearns, Peter Seixas, Wineburg Sam (eds.), Knowing, Teaching, and Learning History: National and International Perspectives: National and International Perspectives (NYU, 2000), 492 pages ($17 at amazon)
  • Ronald Evans, The Social Studies Wars: What Should We Teach the Children? (NY: Teacher's College, 2004), 224 pages ($25 at amazon; )
  • Linda Symcox, Whose History?: The Struggle for National Standards in American Classrooms (NY: Teacher's College, 2002), 227 pages ($19 at amazon)
  • Ronald W. Evans, The Social Studies Wars: What Should We Teach the Children? (NY: Teacher's College, 2004), 225 pages ($25 at amazon)
  • Keith Barton, Linda Levstik, Teaching History for the Common Good (Laurence Erlbaum, 2004), 304 pages ($30 and searchable at amazon; )
  • Hein, Laura and Mark Selden (eds.), Censoring History: Citizenship and Memory in Japan, Germany, and the United States (Asia and the Pacific (Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe, 2000), 301 pages ($22 on amazon; rev. JnlWorldHist; )
  • Elie Podeh, "History and Memory in the Israeli Educational System: The Portrayal of the Arab-Israeli Conflict in History Textbooks (1948-2000)," in: History and Memory 15:1(Spring/Summer 2000), 65-100 (proquest, )
  • History Debates
    • Germany
      • "Fischer Controversy" about the Origins of World War I (1962ff)
      • "Historians' Debate" about the uniqueness of the Holocaust (1986ff)
        • Maier, Charles, The Unmasterable Past: History, Holocaust, and German National Identity (Harvard, 1988, 2003), 256 pages ($13 & TOC on amazon)
        • Nancy Wood, Vectors of Memory: Legacies of Trauma in Postwar Europe (New York: Berg, 1999), 38-60: "Public Memory and Postconventional Identity." ($10 at amazon; ) UCSB: BF371.W66 1999.
      • "Goldhagen Debate" about the nature of German antisemitism (1995ff)
        Browning afterword, Omer Bartov, Geoff Eley (ed.)
    • Linenthal, Edward (co-editor), History Wars: The Enola Gay & Other Battles for the American Past (Holt, 1996)
      • Kohn, Richard, "History and the Culture Wars: The Case of the Smithsonian Institution's Enola Gay Exhibition," JAH 82(1995), 1036-63. (jstor)
    • Lentin (ed.), 2004, chap. 6: Andrea Tyndall, "Memory, Authenticity and Replication of the Shoah in Museums: Defensive Tools of the Nation," 111-125. How Yad Vashem, USHMM, & Anne Frank House maintain national myths.

10
Auto/Bio.

Week 10 (back to top) *=core reading; ^=assigned supplementary reading

March 12: Biography, Autobiography, Oral History (back to top)

  • *Waddell, Colette, Through the Eyes of a Survivor: A Living History of Nina Morecki from pre-World War II Poland to Modern America (Carpinteria: Top Cat Press, 2007), 503 pages, $24.
  • Popkin, Jeremy, History, Historians, and Autobiography (Univ. Chicago, 2005), 328 pages ($35 on amazon; lots of reviews on ASAP; Biography: 5p pdf)
  • Jeremy Popkin, "Holocaust Memories, Historians' Memoirs: First-Person Narrative and the Memory of the Holocaust," in: History and Memory 15:1(Spring/Summer 2003). first 3 paragraphs (full text on project Muse)
  • James Fentress and Chris Wickham, Social Memory (Blackwell, 1992)(no info on amazon; ) UCSB: BF378.S65 F46 1992. Chapter 2, "Ordering and Transmission of Social Memory," discusses "oral memory" (words/semantics)
  • Mark Roseman, A Past in Hiding: Memory and Survival in Nazi Germany (Picador, 2002), 288-263=chap.9, "The Escape" (reconstructing an event based on different versions, and evolution over time)
  • Role of Gender
    • Joyce Marie Mushaben, "Collective Memory Divided and Reunited: Mothers, Daughters and the Fascist Experience in Germany," in: History and Memory 11:1(Spring/Summer 1999), 7-40. full text on-line (role of gender)
    • Fentress & Wickham (1992), 137-143: Women's memories
  • Binjamin Wilkomirski's Fragments of Memory (2000)
    • Stefan Maechler, "Wilkomirski the Victim: Individual Remembering as Social Interaction and Public Event," in: History and Memory 13:2(Fall/Winter 2001), 59-95
  • Oral History
    • Perks, Robert and Alistair Thomson, the Oral History Reader (Routledge, 2nd ed. 2006), 578 pages ($30 at amazon). Esp. ch. 3 Portelli; ch. 4 Popular Memory Group; ch. 8 Michael Frisch; ch. 18 Roseman
    • Moeller, Robert, War Stories: The Search for a Usable Past in the Federal Republic of Germany (UC Press, 2001)($19 and searchable at amazon) also AHR
    • Jared Stark, "The Task of Testimony: On No Common Place: The Holocaust Testimony of Alina Bacall-Zwirn," in: History and Memory 11:2(Fall 1999), full text on-line. About a testimony in the Fortunoff video archive at Yale.
    • Niethammer, Lutz, "Einleitung" und "Privat-Wirtschaft," in: "Hinterher merkt man, dass es schiefgegangen ist..." (Berlin: Dietz, 1983)
    • "Oral History under Review," by Jennifer Howard, Chronicle of Higher Education, Nov. 10, 2006. About the need for Human Subjects permission by Institutional Review Board

New & Recent Books (back to top)

 


Links on History and Remembering (back to top)

Institutions

  • Center for Interdisciplinary Memory Research, at the Kulturwissenschaftliches Institut in Essen, Germany . Harald Welzer, a 'social psychologist,' is one of the key players.
    • The category research gives their current project, "Autobiographical Memory in Interdisciplinary Perspective," including a list of on-line and other articles and publications, with a list of other projects down the left side menu bar. Most descriptions are in English. The site map is a good guide to finding actual publications.
  • Center for the Study of History and Memory, Indiana University. Formerly the Oral History Institute, founded in 1968 and run since the 1980s by John Bodnar, it offers detailed guidelines on "How to Organize and Conduct Oral History Interviews" (with bibliography of 4 recommended books).

Websites

  • Cinematography of the Holocaust database, by the Fritz-Bauer-Institut, Frankfurt. Menu bar at bottoms allows scrolling through titles of films (among other things). Each listing contains bibliography and other details. (See also the Videography at the Univ. of S. Florida's Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust, which includes vendors)
  • "The Human Ecology of Memory," site by Prof. John F. Kihlstrom, Dept. of Psychology, UC Berkeley. Includes two "foundational documents" written by Kihlstrom:
  • Interdisciplinary Study of Memory site, by John Sutton, Philosophy Department, Macquarie University, Sydney, for a 2000-02 seminar. Lots of links and bibliographies. More psychologically oriented, but comprehensive and with updates through 2006.
  • Hypertext Exploration of Memory and Mind by John William Schmidt. More scientific than historical, but interesting essays nonetheless.
  • Literature of the Holocaust website, by Prof. Al Filreis, UPenn Dept. of English. Contains an alphabetical listing of many dozens of newspaper articles, websites and pieces by Filreis himself.
  • Luce Program in Individual and Collective Memory, at Washington University in St. Louis, offers undergraduate and graduate courses and faculty seminars. Unfortunately, the website contains nothing of consequence.

Courses

Journals

  • History and Memory (journal by Indiana Univ. Press): Tables of contents 8(1996)-present.
  • Special Journal features/issues dedicated to collective memory
    • History and Anthropology, 2(1986)
    • Representations, 26(1989 jstor): Memory & Countermemory;
      35(1991 jstor): Monumental Histories
    • Radical History Review 56(1993): "Memory and History" (TOC at CHNM);
      97(2007): "Truth Commissions: State Terror, History & Memory" (TOC at CHNM)
    • AHR Forum 102(Dec. 1997), 106(June 2001)

Bibliography of Important Works on Memory (back to top)

See: Nine scholars name "Breakthrough Books on Collective Memory," Lingua Franca (March/April 1996).

  • Connerton, Paul, How Societies Remember (Cambridge UP, 1989), 128pp. ($23 and searchable at amazon; Google books)
  • Davis, Nathalie Zemon and Randolph Starn, "Introduction," in: Representations 26 (Spring 1989), 1-6. (Special Issue: Memory and Counter-Memory) (pdf)
  • Finkielkraut, Alain, Remembering in Vain: The Klaus Barbie Trial & Crimes against Humanity (Columbia, 1992), 102 pages ($12 on amazon)
  • Gillis, John R, ed. Commemorations: The Politics of National Identity. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1994. ($14 & searchable at amazon)
  • Halbwachs, Maurice. On Collective Memory. Ed. Lewis Coser. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1992. [1925] Google books (scroll down for search window)(searchable on amazon)
    • former student's intro, then translated preface, short chap. 1-4 excerpts, and chaps. 5, 6, 7, and conclusion of Social Frameworks, also conclusion of the Legendary Topography. HM: posthumous Collective Memory much better.
  • Hobsbawm, Eric, "Inventing Tradition," and "Mass-Producing Traditions: Europe 1870-1914," in: Hobwbaum & Terence Ranger (eds.), The Invention of Tradition (1992), 1-14, 270ff. (google books)
  • Huyssen, Andreas. Twilight Memories: Marking Time in a Culture of Amnesia. New York: Routledge, 1995. ($20 and searchable on amazon)
  • Laqueur, Thomas W., Introduction, in: Representations 69 (Winter 2000), (Special Issue: Grounds for Remembering), 1-8. (jstor, pdf)
  • Linenthal, Edward, Sacred Ground: Americans & Their Battlefields (Illinois, 1991), 352 pages. ($12 and searchable on amazon)
  • Linenthal, Edward (co-editor), History Wars: The Enola Gay & Other Battles for the American Past (Holt, 1996)($6 and searchable at amazon)
  • Miller, Judith, One, by One, by One (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1990), 320 pages. ($4 at amazon)
  • Pillemer, David B., Momentous Events, Vivid Memories. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1998), esp. chaps. 5 & 6. ($14 and searchable at amazon)
  • Winter, Jay. Sites of Memory, Sites of Mourning. New York: Cambridge, 1995, 320 pages ($15 and searchable on amazon)
  • Young, James. Texture of Memory: Holocaust Memorials and Meaning in Europe, Israel, and America. New Haven: Yale UP, 1993.

Old Announcements (back to top)

  • December 29, 2006: site still under construction. For those who saw my preliminary list of topics, the "theory" has expanded somewhat (with more approaches and case studies), while public history in the academy, and history and the internet have been dropped.
  • Jan. 4, 2007: I think I'm going to leave the order of weekly topics as they are now. I'm still deciding on the core readings for some weeks. The lists of readings for each topic are in random order for now; I'll put the core readings first by the time the quarter starts. (My idea is that everyone will do the core readings, and we'll break into pairs for the others.)
    Note that the readings on jstor and project Muse require a UCSB login (set up your browser as a proxy server--directions on-line).
  • Jan. 7, 2007, 9pm e-mail excerpt: One of you just asked on e-mail whether there are any readings for tomorrow. While I didn't consider assigning any, I did put links to some on the course website, which I plan to mention/present briefly during our first discussion. (My idea was--and still is--that you can refer to them afterwards.) However, if you have time and desire to peruse them beforehand, it couldn't hurt.
    The website is still more disorganized than I'd like it to be, since I haven't finished selecting the core readings for all of the weeks, nor even the books I recommend for purchase, which differ slightly depending on your focus (German, public, US history, non-history fields). In fact, I'd like to keep the topics of the final weeks open until I meet you all and learn about your interests.
    With that said, here is the link: [to this page]
  • Jan. 8, 2007, after class:
    • I've updated the reading list for next week, and added your initials to the supplementary readings.
    • Monday holiday meetings: Jan. 15 same time anyway; Feb. 19->Feb. 21, 5 or 7pm
    • Daniel Schacter, author of one of our readings during the "cognition" week, will be speaking this Friday, Jan. 12 at UCSB:
      Daniel Schacter, Professor of Psychology, Harvard University, "Memory and the Mind: How We Construct True, False, and Imaginary Events,": 4-6pm, Life Sciences Building 1001 (beyond the library, towards the south)
  • Jan. 9, 2007: Halbwachs pdfs added: chapter 1 (2Mb), chapter 2 (2.7Mb)
  • Jan. 21, 2007: Reader Table of Contents added; Pennebaker essays for 1/22 as follows:
    Ch. 1: Megan and Stacy; Ch. 2: Joe and Mira; Ch. 7: Abraham; Ch. 8: Nanette; Ch. 14: Tara
  • Jan. 25, 2007: Week 2 1989 Funkenstein article added (12 page searchable pdf)
    Book order is here: Wertsch $22.50; Gross $10.65. Supplementary for 1/29 as follows:
    Abraham: Ho Tai; Stacy: Ho Tai or Nora revs.; Mira: Schulze/Francois; Megan: Rousso; Joe: Nora revs.; Nanette: Bal et al; Tara: Wood entire.
  • Feb. 4, 2007: Week 5: We'll focus on the Wertsch book this week, with the following students focusing on the following chapters: 1-Stacy; 2-Nanette; 3-Joe; 4-Abraham; 5-Mira; 6-Megan; 7-Tara. Everyone should look over Gross's book on Jedwabne, so we can get a head start on next week. Additionally, 2 scheduling notes:
    • 2/19 is a holiday. We'll meet onWed. 2/21, at 6pm at my house, with dinner.
    • 2/26: I am co-organizer of a talk by Steven Beller about Jews in Austria, which starts at 4pm. If we can all start at 1pm, maybe we can shift the class earlier, but in any case I'll need to end early that day. And I hope you'll all attend! [note 2/8: we have room 4041 from 1-2pm]
  • Feb. 8, 2007: Week 6: Read all of Jan Gross's Neighbors, as well as the introduction to Polonski/Michlic, The Neighbors Respond; AND my short overview of "Memories of the Holocaust and WWII in Europe" (reader nos. 7 and 8). Individual supplements (do a page find [ctrl-f] for the full citation below, or jump down to the week 6-Poland section):
    • Ronit Lentin chapter 10: Abraham
    • Fogu et al (chapter): Stacey
    • History & Memory 2006 essays: Tara and Megan
    • Huener: Nanette
    • Steinlauf: Joe
    • Polonski/Michlic (overview): Mira
  • Feb. 12, 2007: Hist 217B in Spring will meet Thursdays, 9-11am.
    Supplementary readings for next Wed., 6pm (directions to my house, #932):
    • Anton Kaes, From Hitler to Heimat (Tara, Nanette)
    • Claude Lanzman, Shoah (Abraham)
    • Thomas Keneally, Schindler's List (Joe)
    • Tim Cole, Selling the Holocaust: From Auschwitz to Schindler (n.n.)
    • Holocaust miniseries: http://www.zeitgeschichte-online.de/site/40208179/default.aspx (Mira)
    • Mintz, Alan, Popular Culture and the Shaping of Holocaust Memory in America (2000) [also reviews below]
    • Yosefa Loshitzky (ed.), Spielberg's Holocaust: Critical Perspectives on Schindler's List (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1997) [also reviews below] (Megan)
    • Elinore Brecher, Schindler's Legacy: True Stories of the List Survivors (not at UCSB)
  • Feb. 9, 2007: Karl Mannheim, "The Problem of Generations" (1927/28) added:
    (26-page, 4.3MB pdf).
    • Also: updated syllabus. I'll pass out a hard copy including the class contact list next Monday.
  • Feb. 26, 2007: today we meet in HSSB 4041 from 1 to 2pm, then the usual room til 4. (At 5pm is Dr. Beller's talk about Jews in Modern Austria.) Supplementary readings:
    • Peter Loewenberg, "The Psychohistorical Origins of the Nazi Youth Cohort," American Historical Review, 76: 5 (December 1971), 1457-1502. (jstor, pdf) (Tara)
    • Alan B. Spitzer, "The Historical Problem of Generations," in: AHR 78:5 (Dec. 1973), pp. 1353-1385. 32 page pdf (Abraham)
    • Hans Jaeger, "Generations in History: Reflections on a Controversial Concept," in: History and Theory 24:3 (Oct. 1985), pp. 273-292. (translation of a 1977 Gesch & Gesell article). 19th origins, long discussion of Mannheim 18 page pdf
    • Tamara Hareven, "The Search for Generational Memory," in: Daedalus 107:4(Fall 1978); reprinted in Leffler/Brent, Public History Readings (1992), 270-283. (searchable pdf) (Megan)
    • Joseph Demartini, "Change Agents and Generational Relationships: A Reevaluation of Mannheim's Problem of Generations," in: Social Forces 64:1 (Sept. 1985), 1-16 pdf (Stacy)
    • Jane Pilcher, "Mannheim's Sociology of Generations: An Undervalued Legacy," in: British Journal of Sociology 45:3 (Sept. 1994), pp. 481-495. 14 page pdf
    • Marianne Hirsch, Family Frames: Photography, Narrative and Postmemory (Harvard, 1997). (Mira & Nanette) -- not available
    • Harald Welzer et al, Opa war kein Nazi: Nationalsozialismus und Holocaust im Familiengedächtnis (Fischer, 2002), selections (Tara)
  • March 4, 2007: Tomorrow we will discuss Colette Waddell's Through the Eyes of a Survivor. Our guests will be the author, and Prof. Janet Walker from film studies, whose recent films Portraits of Survival feature interview footage with Nina Morecki. Our reading also includes an essay by Mark Roseman about his experience interviewing Marianne Strauss and later finding documents recounting the same events with some striking differences.
    • As the written assignment, please prepare questions to ask Colette, and select passages for discussion.
    • Also, if you have time, there is a talk relevant to our seminar at on Monday March 5, noon-1pm in HSSB 4020: Professor Claudio Fogu from the Department
      of French and Italian will speak on "The Politics of Memory and the Poetics
      of History in Postwar Europe."

      In this talk Professor Fogu will discuss a volume of essays, The Politics of Memory in Postwar Europe, which he edited with Richard Ned Lebow and Wulf Kansteiner. Professor Fogu's talk will first discuss the methodological premises of the project, the criteria for the selection of the case
      studies, and the definition of "politics of memory." He will then discuss the lessons learned by the contributors in their attempts to create a channel of communication between cultural approaches to the study of memory and scholars in the social sciences with issues such as democratization, identity, and European unification. Finally, he will discuss the comparative results emerging from the seven national case studies that review the institutionalization of memories of Nazism, fascism, and World War II in Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Switzerland, and Russia/USSR, and focus in particular on the Italian case.
    • Last but not least, in the next few days (by Wednesday 4pm if possible), I would like you to write up a 1-2 page prospectus of what you will be writing about for your paper for this course. It can be submitted by e-mail.
  • March 12, 2007, 10am : I've received three precis so far, which I'm sending out now instead of waiting until the last minute. They are:
    • Joe on Loewen, Lies My Teacher Told Me (1994)
      Stacy on Nash, Crabtree & Dunn, History on Trial (1997, 2000)
      Abraham on Barton & Levstik, Teaching History for the Common Good (2004)
      Megan and Tara on Ronald Evans, The Social Studies Wars (2004)
    • Additionally, in the course reader we have as common reading the 1991 essay by Wineburg on the disjuncture between the ways professional historians vs. students read historical texts.
      Image of missing pages 516-517, taken from the book publication pp. 81f. (smaller version)
    • If you haven't yet picked or had time to read one of the listed books, I'd suggest starting Nietzsche's 1873 essay "On the Uses and Abuses of History for Life" (see under week 1 on this website). At Claudio Fogu's talk last week, Fogu said that the group that produced that collection kept coming back to that text (in particular N's description of 'critical history') in their exploration of memory and identity. It is a short selection, and you don't have to read much of it to get the jist.
    • We'll be a smaller group today, since Tara, Mira and Paul won't be there. See you at 2!

author: H. Marcuse

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