You will present the results of your research for about 5-10 minutes,
and then answer questions for 5-10 minutes more. These guidelines are
designed to help you think about what you will say, and to prepare a handout
that will help us, your listeners, get the most out of your presentation.
- Think about what you learned from your research. Why is it interesting?
What is its significance?
Make a thesis paper (handout for your audience)—see below.
Write out a text, about 3 double-spaced pages in length. Read through
it to yourself several times.
- What general question does it answer, or what broad issue does it
- Who might be interested in your work? Why?
- Think through what you want to say, and make an outline.
- What are your main conclusions?
- What arguments do you use to reach those conclusions?
- What is the main evidence you draw upon to make those arguments?
(It takes more than 2 minutes to read 30 lines!)
Think about how people listening to it will assimilate the information.
Revise, using language and sentence structures that are easy to understand.
Read it to a friend and listen to what they have to say (don't be defensive!).
Put away your text and tell another friend about your topic, using
the thesis paper as a guide.
Revise the thesis paper accordingly.
Preparing a Thesis Paper
The purpose of a thesis paper is threefold (in the presentation,
these should come in reverse order):
a. to inform your audience about a topic (what happened?),
b. to promote understanding about the topic (why did it happen?), and
c. to enable others to relate your insights to things that interest them
It should contain most of the following elements (not necessarily in
- A very brief introductory statement about your topic and why
it is interesting.
- The question you are asking.
- A clear statement of the main thesis (or theses) you are arguing.
There may be a number of "sub-theses" that you take your listeners through
to reach the main thesis.
- Factual material. A thesis paper organizes in summary form
background information necessary for understanding your topic, and highlights
evidence for and against your argument.
This may be done in various ways, including:
The implications and significance of your work.
- a timeline with important dates/events
- selections from crucial primary sources you use as evidence
- brief biographical information about key individuals
- synopses of case studies
- maps, illustrations, statistical tables or graphs
- quotations from secondary works (e.g. two contrasting opinions)
Note: a given thesis paper handout may have only one or two of
In your presentation you will guide your audience through this material,
interpreting the evidence to show how you reached your conclusions.