UCSB Hist 133D
The Holocaust in German History
Nov. 23, 1999
Lecture 16: Non-Jewish Resistance and Rescue
Papers due at beginning of class-with prospectuses!!
return Q3 at end of class
Holocaust survivor next Tuesday: be sure to read R27
Historicizing Anne Frank
Changes for the 1950s German audience
Military: 20 July 1944 assassination attempt
At the very end of the regime
"People's Court," presiding judge Roland Freisler (Justice Dept. in Wannsee conf.)
special footage filmed for Hitler, edited by Goebbels himself
Purpose: humiliate the participants, for Hitler's amusement
Film (4 mins.): Trial of 20 July 1944 conspirators, 1961 documentary "Mein Kampf"
Film (8 mins.):
Traitors to Hitler
, 1979 documentary
German resistance to Nazi dictates: the exception, not the rule
Religious: Nov. 1936 school strike in Cloppenburg near Bremen;
Apr./May 1941 in Bavaria
Church: Bishop von Galen's 3 Aug. 1941 sermon against "euthanasia" gassing program
Youth: "Edelweiss Pirates" in Cologne, 1940-Nov. 1944.
Students: "White Rose" (Munich), July 1942-Feb. 1943.
culmination after defeat at Stalingrad
Jan/Feb flyers in reader
"Aryan" Wives of Jews: Rosenstrasse in Berlin,
27 Feb. 1943 "factory action" to 6 March protest