UCSB Hist 133D
The Holocaust in German History
Oct. 14, 1999
Lecture 5: The Weimar Republic and the Nazi "Seizure" of Power
Film tonight, 7:30, Campbell Hall: "The Last Days" (1½ hours, plus discussion)
Next Tuesday, 7pm, Multicultural Center Lounge: "The Unmasking of Hate in America"
Clarification of journal assignment
Flora Lewis' claim that Jews bear a "special responsibility" to help Bosnian refugees (R3)
Film excerpt (15-20 mins.): Erwin Leiser, "Mein Kampf" (1961): serious documentary
Cut to Berlin, July 1914 (World War I)
Ostara, Lanz von Liebenfels
Narratives of German history,
1806-1914, 1914-1920: Two developments since 1871
"late" but rapid industrialization with strong workers' movement ("from below")
progressive social welfare system instituted paternalistically "from above"
tensions between 1) and 2) can be seen (in different ways) as basis of Hitler's success
question of continuities (graph of changing party strengths; reader p. 11 and textbook p. 81)
1888: William I (1797-1888), Frederick III (1831-1888), William II (1859-1941)
World War I (1914-1918); Russian Revolution (1917) Versailles Peace Treaty (June 1919)
German Revolution, Nov. 1918: Karl Liebknecht (KPD) vs. Friedrich Ebert (SPD)
Versailles terms; reparations, inflation and 1923 hyperinflation; occupation of Ruhr
Hitler's putsch (Nov. 1923), trial (1923-4), imprisonment at Landsberg and "Mein Kampf"
Phases of "Weimar Republic"
1919-1923: inflation (ended by Stresemann: chancellor and foreign minister)
1923: French and Belgians enforce Versailles payments
November: coup d'etat attempt by Hitler and Ludendorff in Munich
1924-28: progressive period (again: under dark clouds)
1924-1929: stable (Ebert dies 1925, replaced by Hindenburg; Stresemann dies 1929)
1930: Great Depression reaches Germany:
flationary policy of appointed chancellor Brüning
1930-1933: depression, unemployment