UCSB Hist 133D
The Holocaust in German History
Oct. 4, 2001
Lecture 4: Germany’s "Special Path:" Economic vs. Cultural Causes
- Film clip (14 mins): US Army Signal Corps, "Here is Germany" (1945)
- for soldiers going to occupy Germany; never released (Cold War: Germany
became our ally).
- tradition, culture, ideology as causes
- pillars of society (landowners, army, bureaucracy, industrialists):
- democrats "driven out" in 1848: no more opposition
- Economics: did Wilhelm manipulate industrialists prior to World War
I, or vice-versa?
- EIEIO: Prof. Marcuse’s "Old MacDonald’s Categories of Causation
- International factors
- Ideology/Information (culture, education)
- "Opposition" (human agency)
- How do these categories help us to understand the power structure
models from last lecture?
- This was a planned event, long in the minds of Hitler and the top Nazis
- intentionalism: Hitler's preformed plan (coherent ideology)
- This was a calculated power-maximizing strategy by high-level Nazi elites
- structuralism: jockeying and vying for power at the highest levels
- always seeking economic advantage
- There was a spontaneous taking-advantage of an opportunity by low-level
- functionalism: widespread economically opportunistic behaviors
- or were those behaviors due to idealism?
- human agency of the "grass roots"
- International factors: legacies of World War I, "toleration"
of Hitler’s expansionism during 1930s
Note: we will return to the concept of Germany’s "special path" in a later lecture