UCSB Hist 133C,
Issues of Unification
by Prof. Marcuse, March 8, 2004
What were the costs & benefits of the particular process of unification?
- Unification issues: stasi, …
- Wed: student presentations? (extra credit)
- Final exam: what kind? (handout Wed.) [word-limited take-home]
- Papers back … when?
- Q10 Wed. [actually Friday]
Periodization of Revolution
Aug 26-Oct. 9-Nov. 9 -- "gentle revolution"
Nov. 9-Dec. 31-Mar. 18 -- "deflected rev."
May-Oct. 9: reform within existing system
Oct. 9-Dec.11: democratic socialism ("3rd way")
Dec. 11-Mar. 18: union with West
The Stasi Files: Building democracy after dictatorship
- 85,000 official employees
- 100,000s of "inofficial coworkers"
- files on 4 mio. East Germans + 2mio. West
- Jan. 15, 1990: occupation of E. Berlin office
- March 1990: East-CDU candidate implicated
- August-Sept. 1990: where do the files go?
- Who should get to see what??
- Consequences for employees & coworkers?
Steps to Unification
- top-level decision: 4+2 talks
Feb. 13: Ottawa "roadmap"
May 5: Bonn (May 18: German-German treaty)
June 22: Berlin (June 21: guarantee Poland border)
July 17: Paris (with Poland; Germany in NATO)
Sept. 12: Moscow (sovereignty treaty signed)
- March 18: national election (W. German infl.)
May 6: local
- July 1: currency reform
- Aug. 23: GDR chamber: Art. 23 vs. Art. 146
- Oct. 3; Oct. 14: new state-level elections
- Abortion rights (paragraph 218)
- West: by "indication" only (medical, social)
- East: on demand during first 3 months
- Economic consequences (textbook p. 343):
- investment (property rights)
- women in labor force
- Immigration & citizenship: two models
- ius soli: law of the land (US, Canada)
- ius sanguinis: law of the blood (Germany)
- Immigration & citizenship
- 1999 statistics (foreign+German)
- to Germany: 674,000+200,000
- from: 556,000+116,000
- net into: 118,000+ 84,000
- "dynamic" pension system needs:
- 2000: 100 workers to 40 retirees
- 2050: 100 workers to 75 retirees
- total population: 82 mio. shrinking to 65 mio.
- needed: 140,000/year til 2020; or 600,000 /2050
page by H. Marcuse, prepared for web March 11, 2004
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