UCSB Hist 133C, L 6:
The Experiences of Weimar and Nazi Germany
by Prof. Marcuse, Jan. 16, 2004
(superceded by Jan. 2006 version)

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  • Weimar and Nazi Germany: the essence
  • Weimar: important events

    The 1920s in Memory: Fear, deprivation, unjust suffering; the good years forgotten.
    1920 Free Corps Poster 1923 Ruhr tractors on train to France anti-Young Plan Poster, 1930
    1920 Free Corps poster: "Protect the Homeland"
    The reactionary Freikorps preyed upon German fears of invasion after World War I.
    1923: German tractors on a train to France
    When the French and Belgians occupied the Ruhr, they ensured that German factory production went straight to France.
    The occupation was ended with the acceptance of the Young Plan in 1930.
    "For 3 Generations you'll have to slave away". The Young Plan scheduled the repayment of 59Billion RM dept in 2 billion RM/year installments. It was VERY unpopular. The DNVP, NSDAP and Stahlhelm got 10% of vote for a referendum to criminalize the German signatories. In 1932 it was abandoned, and Germany was only required to repay 3 billion RM total

    Nazi period: Duality

    The Good, I: German "Mt. Rushmore": Postcard from the 1933 Nuremberg Nazi Party Rally

    Friedrich, Hindenburg, Bismarck, Hitler 1933 Nuremberg poster: Friedrich to Hitler
    What the king conquered, the prince formed, and the field marshal defended, was rescued and united by the soldier
    Friedrich II (1712-1786); Otto v. Bismarck (1815-1898);
    Paul v. Hindenburg (1847-1934); Adolf Hitler (1889-1945)

    source: Sebastian Haffner, Preussen ohne Legende
    (the English edition is not illustrated)

    The good 1930s II: The Autobahns--today still seen as Hitler's achievement

    1938 Anschluss referendum: The reversal of what was bad about the 1920s

    1938 Austria referendum poster

    Step by Step
              Adolf Hitler
    ripped up
                          the dictated Treaty of Versailles!
    1933 Germany leaves the League of Nations created by Versailles
    1934 Reconstruction of the Wehrmacht, the navy and the Luftwaffe begun!
    1935 Saarland brought back home! Armed power of the Reich regained!
    1936 Rheinland completely liberated!
    1937 The myth of war guilt ceremoniously extinguished!
    1938 Germany and Austria united in the Reich! Greater Germany achieved!
    Therefore the whole of Germany will acknowledge their liberator on 10th April.
    Adolf Hitler All say: YES!

    The "Bad" 1940s

    page by H. Marcuse, prepared for web 1/18/04
    back to top, to UCSB Hist 133c homepage