German History since 1945
Mar. 14, 2000
Lecture 19: Confronting "Nazism" in the 1990s
Evaluations, papers and
at end of class
Q4: How does Adorno's "manipulative character" relate to the 1999 changes in citizenship laws?
Q5 on Thu (Fulbr. chap. 14): What factors explain the stability of the post-1945 German states?
or: Name two "lessons" that Fulbrook draws from German history since 1945.
Discussion for Q4
What changed in the citizenship laws?
What are the features of the "manipulative character"?
Periodization in history: Using causes, means, and ends to identify turning points
Periods after Fulbrook (pp. 324-332)
Aug 26 human rights seminar (vs. Sept. 25 Leipzig demonstrations)
Oct 24 change in leadership to Egon Krenz (until Nov. 9 mass euphoria, consumerism)
Dec. 31 Western goals intrude; nationalist and even neo-Nazi goals, New Forum retreats
Compare to the post-Nazi responses
Victimization, Ignorance, Resistance
Fear, Guilt, Revenge
1950s: Night and Fog, Anne Frank
1970s: Brandt; local history movement
1980s: Bitburg, Kohl's project
1990s: Berlin victim's memorial; Schindler's List; Goldhagen Debate, Victor Klemperer Diaries; Crimes of the Wehrmacht exhibition