For next Tuesday: R23-26--you will need this to answer Q4
Q*4*! next Tuesday: how does Adorno's "manipulative character"
relate to the 1999 changes in citizenship laws?
Two different ways of looking at the East German revolution:
causal factors vs. chronological
Causal (stories of Eigenfeld and Wagner)
compare textbook pp. 319ff
strategy of reform
strategy of confrontation
Goals; slogans of 4 November 1989 at "artists' demonstration"
of 1 million
Against monopoly socialism -- for democratic socialism
Revolutions are holidays for the people
A 360-degree turn in the state security system?
Skepticism is a citizen's first obligation
Stepping down is a step forward (Rücktritt ist Fortschritt)
Reforms, but unlimited (unbekrenzt, a pun on Egon Krenz)
Those who don't move, don't feel their chains
No power for anybody!
Privileges for All!
To go is silver, to stay is gold
------------------------------- at other times:
Liberty, equality, honesty (French revolution: liberty, equality,
One lie kills 100 truths
Glasnost and not sweet wine (Glasnost und nicht Süssmost)
The rule of law is the best state security (Rechtssicherheit ist
die beste Staatssicherheit)
Chronological (handout from last week)
Periods after Fulbrook
Aug 26 human rights seminar (vs. Sept. 25 Leipzig demonstrations)
Oct 24 change in leadership to Egon Krenz (vs. Nov. 9 mass
Dec. 31 Western goals intrude; nationalist and even neo-Nazi
goals, New Forum retreats