German History since 1945
Feb. 8, 2000
Lecture 9: Böll discussion; The Berlin Wall Goes Up
ROOM CHANGE for film tonight and Wednesday: GIRVETZ 1119
need set-up person tonight:
What reasons did people have for going along with the East German state?
Do you see any evidence of "socialism with a human face"? Where?
Pay attention to Konrad's brother-in-law (the dissident in the Church).
How does his behavior differ from Konrad's, when faced with hard choices?
Note the character of the stasi "Betreuer" (literally care-taker)
DATE and ROOM CHANGE for next film: Feb. 22 & 23, also Girv. 1119
Journals due Thursday; paper proposals next week
Balancing lecture, questions, and discussion
Böll discussion: What alternative paths are open to West Germany in 1958 (according to B.)?
The abbey as a metaphor for the German state
The three generations of German women (Johanna Kilb, Edith Schrella, Ruth Faehmel)
The three generations of German men (Heinrich, b. 1878; Robert, b. 1905; Joseph, b. 1936)
billiards as a metaphor for life
issues: renazification, anticommunism, rearmament/NATO, materialism/consumerism
Summary of East-West comparison for 1950s (from last time)
East at its best in 1959: 1958 plan to have consumer goods outpace west during 1960s
introduction of polytechnical schools; Soviets winning space race
third wave of agricultural collectivization (1945, 1952-53): 1959, for smaller landowners
Emigration from East Germany: 1959: 144,000; 1960: 199,000; ½ of 1961: 155,000
1961 figures included: 688 doctors, 296 dentists, 2648 engineers
West: economic boom-at what international and domestic political costs?
The Berlin Wall
compare Eisenhower to Adenauer (July 1953) vs. Khrushchev to Kennedy (June 1961)
1970s "documentary": Khrushchev in Vienna (July 1961) to Kennedy in Berlin (June 1963)
1966 clip "Barrikade": 2:20 minute evocation of the human costs of the wall