UCSB Hist 133C Prof. Marcuse
GERMAN HISTORY SINCE 1945 Oct. 20, 1998
Lecture 7: West German "Democracy " in the
- Administrative / Announcements / Preliminary
- Pick up journals (w/ q1) at end of class
- Wed./Thu., Oct. 21/22: Classroom walkout: for diversity on
Reader #14 & 15 on foreigners in Germany, and German
- Film "Fear Eats the Soul" by Rainer Werner Fassbinder
(1 hr. 34 mins.) will be shown twice:
Tue Oct. 20, 7pm, HSSB 1173; Wed. HSSB 1174.
"The Promise" tentatively rescheduled for 17/18 Nov.
- Scopas Poggo's guest lecture: Legacies of genocide.
- Questions of knowledge, intervention, political culture.
- Political background, 1940s & 1950s
- How did Germany go from a militaristic, genocidal outcast
to a coveted ally and defender of democracy? Churchill Oct. 1942,
March 1946; Byrnes Sept. 1946; Churchill Oct. 1948.
- Economic differences: capitalism vs. socialism
- July-Aug. 1945: Potsdam conference
- "Bizonia" and "Trizonia"
- March 1947: Truman doctrine
- June 1947/April 1948: "European Recovery Program"
1948-52: $13.2 billion for G.B.; $2.7 bil. for France; $1.5 bil.
for Italy; $1.4 bil. for W. Germ.
- Currency reform and Berlin Blockade (NO wall, only airlift!)
- Politics and Political Culture
- 1946 & 47 state-level elections: KPD 10%, SPD 35%, FDP
10%, CDU 38%, right-wing 7%
- Aug. 1949 parliament delegat.: KPD 4%, SPD 33%, FDP 13%,
CDU*37%, other 9%
- Adenauer (CDU) vs. Schumacher (SPD) for chancellor: 202:200
- Remilitarisation (see textbook pp. 168-88 for other events)
- Political Culture and the Legal Status of Women: Agnes Zahn-Harnak,
- "oversupply" of women: war widows, unmarried mothers,
- important activities: scavengers, fraternizers, negotiators
w/ allies; psychological providers
- Kolinsky article: practice more progressive than laws in 1950s,
less progressive in 1970s
- "equality of the sexes is guaranteed in principle"
-> "men and women have equal rights"
- Basic Law also promised "protection of the [patriarchal]
family"-that was given priority
- Comments on journals
- Great entries: articles on Kohl's election in 1982, Berlin
wall in 1989, E. Germ. propaganda archive
- US Army film "Here is Germany:" never actually shown
Argues NOT blood (that would have been Hitler's answer), but TRADITION
- Berlin Morgenpost on "Wall-man Stanke" who wants
to preserve a section of the Berlin Wall
SHOULD the Germans be reminded of it?
Does remembering the Wall differ from remembering the Holocaust?
- Marcuse's orthography peeves
his, hers, its are possessive pronouns // If it is (it's) a contraction,
it has (it's) got an apostrophe
causE-Effect are nouns, and you shouldn't try to affect (change)
UNLESS a change is implemented (effected) by an angry person
(with affect=psych. term)